The GEL estimates resolve the risk-free rate puzzle in Japan

Mikio Ito, Akihiko Noda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


We show the nonexistence of the well-known risk-free rate puzzle in the Japanese financial markets. This result crucially depends on the accurate estimates of the two basic parameters: the subjective discount factor and the degree of risk aversion, appearing in the standard Consumption-based Capital Asset Pricing Model (CCAPM). We estimate these parameters by the recently developed method, Generalized Empirical Likelihood (GEL) estimation; we also confirm our results by comparing Mean Squared Errors (MSEs) based on higher order biases and first order asymptotic variances of the estimates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)365-374
Number of pages10
JournalApplied Financial Economics
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Mar


  • GEL
  • GMM
  • higher order biases
  • risk-free rate puzzle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Finance
  • Economics and Econometrics


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