The impact of contact lens wear and visual display terminal work on ocular surface and tear functions in office workers

Takashi Kojima, Osama M.A. Ibrahim, Tais Wakamatsu, Atsushi Tsuyama, Junko Ogawa, Yukihiro Matsumoto, Murat Dogru, Kazuo Tsubota

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51 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: To evaluate the effect of contact lens (CL) wear and visual display terminal (VDT) work on the ocular surface and tear functions. Design: Prospective case-control study. Methods: Sixty-nine CL wearers (45 women and 24 men; mean age, 35.2 ± 7.3 years), and 102 age- and sex-matched non-CL wearers were enrolled in the study (66 women and 36 men; mean age, 36.7 ± 7.3 years). Ocular surface and tear function tests, including vital stainings (fluorescein and rose bengal), Schirmer test, tear meniscus height measurement, and tear film break-up time were performed. The subjective symptoms of dry eyes were evaluated using a dry eye symptom questionnaire. The participants were divided into 4 subgroups according to the total time of VDT work in 1 day (VDT work time in 1 day < 4 hours or < 4 hours) and presence of CL wear. Main outcome measures included ocular surface vital staining scores, Schirmer test results, tear film break-up time, tear meniscus height measurement, and symptom questionnaire score. Results: CL users and long-term VDT workers showed significantly worse tear meniscus height values than non-CL users and short-term VDT workers (P <.001). The mean visual symptom scores in CL wearers and long-term VDT workers were significantly higher than the other groups (P <.001). Conclusions: Office workers who wore CLs and spent more than 4 hours engaged in VDT work had a lower tear meniscus volume with significant dry eye and visual symptoms triggered by environmental factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)933-940.e2
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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