To examine the effect of prolactin-raising antipsychotics on bone mineral density (BMD), data of 164 schizophrenia patients who received ?. 2 dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans were analyzed (49.3% men; mean. ±. SD age: 58.5. ±. 11.0. years; duration of treatment: 26.7. ± 13.8. years). Patients were divided into a prolactin-raising antipsychotic (n = 141) or prolactin-sparing (n = 23) group, and time x group interaction was examined using mixed effect model. Although the BMD difference did not reach significance over 3.4. ± 1.6. years, a significant antipsychotic-class vs. time interaction was found (p = 0.011), indicating a negative impact of prolactin-raising antipsychotics on BMD. Large-scale, randomized-controlled data are required to replicate and extend these findings.
- Bone mineral density
- Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Biological Psychiatry