The importance of the maternal/self-role satisfaction for reducing anxiety: A cross-sectional survey of Japanese mothers

Riho Iwasaki, Azusa Arimoto, Takashi Naruse, Satoko Nagata, Sachiyo Murashima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Women who rear children have two types of roles: the maternal role and the self-role. Previous studies have suggested that maternal role satisfaction is related to anxiety, but the importance of self-role satisfaction in promoting the health of mothers has received less attention. The changing roles of women in society, especially in urban areas, have altered mothers' views of child-rearing. Our primary focus was on the relationship between maternal/self-role satisfaction and anxiety in mothers. To examine this, we conducted a cross-sectional survey using self-administered questionnaires that were distributed in 2011 to 2,342 mothers attending the 18-month health checkup of their children, in 7 cities of the Tokyo metropolitan area. A total of 881 responded (effective response rate = 38.0%). Multiple regression analysis revealed that maternal role satisfaction and self-role satisfaction were both significantly and negatively associated with anxiety. Thus, self-role satisfaction should be considered alongside maternal role satisfaction in evaluating and reducing anxiety. Health care professionals in community settings should conduct comprehensive assessments of maternal role satisfaction and self-role satisfaction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-151
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of UOEH
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2017



  • Anxiety
  • Maternal role
  • Mothers
  • Satisfaction
  • Self-role

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this