The janus kinase inhibitor, JAB/SOCS-1, is an interferon-γ inducible gene and determines the sensitivity to interferons

Hiroshi Sakamoto, Ichiko Kinjyo, Akihiko Yoshimura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)


The Janus family of protein tyrosine kinases (JAKs) and STAT transcription factors regulate cellular processes involved in cell growth, differentiation, and transformation through their association with cytokine receptors. The CIS family of proteins (also referred as the SOCS or SSI family) has been implicated in the regulation of signal transduction by a variety of cytokines. Among them, we have shown that JAB/SOCS-1 is strongly induced by interferon-γ and forced expression of JAB/SOCS-1 conferred cells interferon resitance. This resistance was caused by inhibition of JAK1 and JAK2 activation in response to lFNγ. Moreover, recent detailed analysis of JAB/SOCS-1 knockout mice revealed that JAB/SOCS-1 is indeed a 'negative feedback regulator' that determine the sensitivity of cells to IFNγ. Using in vitro mutagensis, we defined a functional structure of JAB/SOCS-1 and proposed a mechanism for how JAB inhibits JAK kinase activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-58
Number of pages10
JournalLeukemia and Lymphoma
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes



  • CIS
  • Interferon γ
  • JAB
  • JAK
  • Negative regulation
  • SH2 domain
  • SOCS
  • SSI
  • STAT
  • Tyrosine kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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