The Japanese Society of Pathology Guidelines on the handling of pathological tissue samples for genomic research: Standard operating procedures based on empirical analyses

Yae Kanai, Hiroshi Nishihara, Yohei Miyagi, Tatsuhiro Tsuruyama, Kenichi Taguchi, Hiroto Katoh, Tomoyo Takeuchi, Masahiro Gotoh, Junko Kuramoto, Eri Arai, Hidenori Ojima, Ayako Shibuya, Teruhiko Yoshida, Toshiaki Akahane, Rika Kasajima, Kei Ichi Morita, Johji Inazawa, Takeshi Sasaki, Masashi Fukayama, Yoshinao Oda

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10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genome research using appropriately collected pathological tissue samples is expected to yield breakthroughs in the development of biomarkers and identification of therapeutic targets for diseases such as cancers. In this connection, the Japanese Society of Pathology (JSP) has developed “The JSP Guidelines on the Handling of Pathological Tissue Samples for Genomic Research” based on an abundance of data from empirical analyses of tissue samples collected and stored under various conditions. Tissue samples should be collected from appropriate sites within surgically resected specimens, without disturbing the features on which pathological diagnosis is based, while avoiding bleeding or necrotic foci. They should be collected as soon as possible after resection: at the latest within about 3 h of storage at 4°C. Preferably, snap-frozen samples should be stored in liquid nitrogen (about −180°C) until use. When intending to use genomic DNA extracted from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue, 10% neutral buffered formalin should be used. Insufficient fixation and overfixation must both be avoided. We hope that pathologists, clinicians, clinical laboratory technicians and biobank operators will come to master the handling of pathological tissue samples based on the standard operating procedures in these Guidelines to yield results that will assist in the realization of genomic medicine.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)63-90
Number of pages28
JournalPathology International
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Feb 1

Keywords

  • biobank
  • empirical analysis
  • genome research
  • pathological tissue sample
  • sample collection and storage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine

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    Kanai, Y., Nishihara, H., Miyagi, Y., Tsuruyama, T., Taguchi, K., Katoh, H., Takeuchi, T., Gotoh, M., Kuramoto, J., Arai, E., Ojima, H., Shibuya, A., Yoshida, T., Akahane, T., Kasajima, R., Morita, K. I., Inazawa, J., Sasaki, T., Fukayama, M., & Oda, Y. (2018). The Japanese Society of Pathology Guidelines on the handling of pathological tissue samples for genomic research: Standard operating procedures based on empirical analyses. Pathology International, 68(2), 63-90. https://doi.org/10.1111/pin.12631