The nature of premaximum halts of classical nova outbursts: V723 cassiopeiae and V463 scuti

Izumi Hachisu, Mariko Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We present a new interpretation of long premaximum halts of nova outbursts. For V723 Cas (Nova Cas 1995) and V463 Set (Nova Set 2000), we have reproduced light curves, excluding the brightness maxima, starting from the long premaximum halt through the late decay phase of the outbursts using a steady state optically thick wind model. When the hydrogen-rich envelope of the white dwarf (WD) is massive enough, the star expands to ∼100 R or over, and its surface temperature decreases to below 7000 K. At this supergiant mimicry stage, the changes in both the photospheric radius and the temperature are small against the large increase in the envelope mass. These changes cause a saturation in visual magnitude that lasts a long time before it begins to decline. This saturation is known as the premaximum halt of a classical nova outburst. The visual magnitude during the saturation is close to the bolometric magnitude, which is an upper limit for a given WD mass. Since the WD masses are estimated to be 0.59 M for V723 Cas and 1.1 M for V463 Set by fitting the decline rate of nova light curves, we can determine the absolute magnitude of premaximum halts. It is a refined Eddington luminosity. Thus, the premaximum halt of a nova works as a standard candle.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume612
Issue number1 II
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Sep 1

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outburst
saturation
light curve
envelopes
mimicry
surface temperature
brightness
luminosity
hydrogen
stars
radii
causes
decay
temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Space and Planetary Science

Cite this

The nature of premaximum halts of classical nova outbursts : V723 cassiopeiae and V463 scuti. / Hachisu, Izumi; Kato, Mariko.

In: Astrophysical Journal, Vol. 612, No. 1 II, 01.09.2004.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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