The neutralizing function of the anti-HTLV-1 antibody is essential in preventing in vivo transmission of HTLV-1 to human T cells in NOD-SCID/γcnull (NOG) mice

Mineki Saito, Reiko Tanaka, Hideki Fujii, Akira Kodama, Yoshiaki Takahashi, Toshio Matsuzaki, Hiroshi Takashima, Yuetsu Tanaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) causes both neoplastic and inflammatory diseases, including adult T-cell leukemia and HTLV-1-associated myelopathy/tropical spastic paraparesis (HAM/TSP). Because these life-threatening and disabling diseases are not yet curable, it is important to prevent new HTLV-1 infections.Findings: In this study, we have established a simple humanized mouse model of HTLV-1 infection for evaluating prophylactic and therapeutic interventions. In this model, HTLV-1-negative normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) are transplanted directly into the spleens of severely immunodeficient NOD-SCID/γcnull (NOG) mice, together with mitomycin-treated HTLV-1-producing T cells. Using this model, we tested the efficacy of monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) specific to HTLV-1 as well as human IgG isolated from HAM/TSP patients (HAM-IgG) in preventing HTLV-1-infection. One hour before and 24 h after transplantation of the human cells, each antibody sample was inoculated intraperitoneally. On day 14, human PBMCs isolated from the mouse spleens were tested for HTLV-1 infection. Whereas fresh CD4-positive and CD8-positive T cells isolated from untreated mice or mice treated with isotype control mAb, HTLV-1 non-neutralizing mAbs to envelope gp46, gag p19, and normal human IgG were all infected with HTLV-1; the mice treated with either HTLV-1 neutralizing anti-gp46 mAb or HAM-IgG did not become infected.Conclusions: Our data indicate that the neutralizing function of the antibody, but not the antigen specificity, is essential for preventing the in vivo transmission of HTLV-1. The present animal model will also be useful for the in vivo evaluation of the efficacy of candidate molecules to be used as prophylactic and therapeutic intervention against HTLV-1 infection.

Original languageEnglish
Article number74
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalRetrovirology
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Aug 28
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Envelope gp46
  • HTLV-1
  • Intrasplenic injection
  • NOG mice
  • Neutralizing antibody

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Virology
  • Infectious Diseases

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