The quality of blood is not affected by drone transport: An evidential study of the unmanned aerial vehicle conveyance of transfusion material in Japan

Fumiatsu Yakushiji, Koki Yakushiji, Mikio Murata, Naoki Hiroi, Keiji Takeda, Hiroshi Fujita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), or drones, are used in Rwanda for transfusion transport, but they have not yet been used in Japan. This technology holds promise for transporting medical supplies during disasters or to remote places where the terrain makes it difficult to travel by land. One of the difficulties in using UAVs is the temperature-control requirements for red blood cell (RBC) solutions, i.e., 2C to 6C according to Japanese regulations. This study aimed to describe the effectiveness of UAV-based transport of RBC solution. For testing, we gradually increased the UAV travel distance, monitored the temperature of the RBC solution, and conducted laboratory tests to check the integrity of the blood sample. Lactate dehydrogenase (LD) was used as a hemolytic index to indicate the effect of the UAV flight on the blood samples. The UAV was able to exceed 7 km of travel distance despite the relatively heavy load needed for the RBC solution storage. The LD level was not significantly different between the flight and non-flight (control) samples. However, we were not able to completely maintain a temperature of 2C to 6C; nonetheless, the deviation was within the safe range.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalDrones
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar

Keywords

  • ATR
  • Blood transportation
  • Drone
  • Refrigerator
  • Temperature
  • Transfusion
  • Unmanned aerial vehicle

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Information Systems

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