The relation of alcohol intake to constitutional and biochemical variables in Japanese populations

A. Kitamura, H. Iso, S. Sato, M. Iida, Y. Naito, M. Kiyama, T. Okamura, Y. Nakagawa, T. Shimamoto, T. Sankai, H. Imano, Y. Komachi

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Abstract

To investigate associations of alcohol intake to constitutional and biochemical variables, cross-sectional studies of men aged 40-59 years from six geographical and occupational populations with varied lifestyles were conducted in the 1990's. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures, glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase, HDL-cholesterol, and uric acid were linearly associated with alcohol intake in all six populations. Drinkers of 2+ drinks (46 g ethanol or more) per day showed higher levels of triglyceride, glutamic pyruvic transaminase than never-drinkers. In two urban occupational populations, men who mainly drank beer had higher uric acid levels; men mainly drinking sake had higher blood pressures and lower serum total cholesterol; men mainly drinking whiskey had higher obesity indices. These differences in constitutional and biochemical variables related to type of alcoholic beverage consumed may be due to differences in lifestyles such as diet and physical activity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)86-101
Number of pages16
Journal[Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health
Volume43
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1996 Feb
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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    Kitamura, A., Iso, H., Sato, S., Iida, M., Naito, Y., Kiyama, M., Okamura, T., Nakagawa, Y., Shimamoto, T., Sankai, T., Imano, H., & Komachi, Y. (1996). The relation of alcohol intake to constitutional and biochemical variables in Japanese populations. [Nippon kōshū eisei zasshi] Japanese journal of public health, 43(2), 86-101.