The Relation of Ocular Surface Irregularity and Visual Disturbance in Early Stage Acanthamoeba Keratitis

Yukihiro Matsumoto, Asako Kodama, Eiki Goto, Tetsuya Kawakita, Murat Dogru, Kazuo Tsubota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

PURPOSE:: To evaluate the relation between ocular surface irregularity and visual disturbance in early stage Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). METHODS:: Fifteen patients with culture-proven AK underwent routine ophthalmic examinations, including best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) measurement, slitlamp biomicroscope examination, and corneal fluorescein dye staining test, in both the eyes. We also evaluated the corneal sensitivity with Cochet-Bonnet esthesiometer, tear functions by Schirmerʼs test, and ocular surface irregularity by corneal topography and compared the results with the contralateral healthy eyes in this study. RESULTS:: The mean logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution BCVA (0.71±0.77) was significantly lower in the eyes with AK (P=0.002). Epithelial disorders were present in all eyes, and radial keratoneuritis in 14 eyes (93.3%). The mean corneal sensitivity (39.3±24.1 mm) was significantly lower in eyes with AK compared with the healthy eyes (P=0.005). The mean Schirmerʼs test value (22.5±12.0 mm) in eyes with AK was significantly higher compared with the healthy eyes (P=0.01). The ocular surface irregularity indices (the surface regularity index, 2.47±0.42; the surface asymmetry index, 3.24±1.31) were significantly higher in eyes with AK compared with contralateral healthy eyes (P

Original languageEnglish
JournalEye and Contact Lens
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016 Jan 16

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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