The relationship between muscle-tendon unit stiffness and muscle hardness of the gastrocnemius muscle using ultrasound real-time tissue elastography

Takayuki Inami, T. Shimizu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim. Muscle hardness is important for the objective evaluation of muscle condition. Muscle hardness may be related to muscle-tendon unit (MTU) stiffness on the longitudinal axis, but the relationship remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the relationship between MTU stiffness and muscle hardness of the gastrocnemius muscle using ultrasound real-time tissue elastography (RTE). Methods. Participants were 20 healthy young men. MTU stiffness and muscle hardness were assessed 3 times at 15-minute intervals. MTU stiffness of the final area of the ankle joint angle was compared with muscle hardness. Muscle hardness was measured by RTE, and was identified at the position of the proximal 30% of the line connecting the popliteal line and the ankle joint lateral malleolus. In addition, RTE enabled digitizing of the hardness distribution of semiquantitative evaluations of muscle hardness by calculating the strain ratio (SR; muscle-to-coupler ratio). MTU stiffness was measured using an isokinetic torque machine, and was calculated as the slope of the polynomial fit passive torque-angle curves (the slope at a 10% final curve). Both measurements were taken while the left ankle was secured on an isokinetic machine with the knee joint fully extended. Results. Although there were no significant changes in the value of MTU stiffness and muscle hardness across the 15-minute intervals, muscle hardness was significantly correlated with the MTU stiffness at all intervals (range of r coefficients = -0.82 to -0.84). Conclusion. Muscle hardness is likely to reflect MTU stiffness showing longitudinal axis direction.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-466
Number of pages8
JournalGazzetta Medica Italiana Archivio per le Scienze Mediche
Volume174
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Oct 1
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Elasticity Imaging Techniques
Hardness
Tendons
Skeletal Muscle
Muscles
Ankle Joint
Torque

Keywords

  • Elasticity imaging techniques
  • Hardness
  • Muscle
  • Muscles
  • Skeletal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

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title = "The relationship between muscle-tendon unit stiffness and muscle hardness of the gastrocnemius muscle using ultrasound real-time tissue elastography",
abstract = "Aim. Muscle hardness is important for the objective evaluation of muscle condition. Muscle hardness may be related to muscle-tendon unit (MTU) stiffness on the longitudinal axis, but the relationship remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the relationship between MTU stiffness and muscle hardness of the gastrocnemius muscle using ultrasound real-time tissue elastography (RTE). Methods. Participants were 20 healthy young men. MTU stiffness and muscle hardness were assessed 3 times at 15-minute intervals. MTU stiffness of the final area of the ankle joint angle was compared with muscle hardness. Muscle hardness was measured by RTE, and was identified at the position of the proximal 30{\%} of the line connecting the popliteal line and the ankle joint lateral malleolus. In addition, RTE enabled digitizing of the hardness distribution of semiquantitative evaluations of muscle hardness by calculating the strain ratio (SR; muscle-to-coupler ratio). MTU stiffness was measured using an isokinetic torque machine, and was calculated as the slope of the polynomial fit passive torque-angle curves (the slope at a 10{\%} final curve). Both measurements were taken while the left ankle was secured on an isokinetic machine with the knee joint fully extended. Results. Although there were no significant changes in the value of MTU stiffness and muscle hardness across the 15-minute intervals, muscle hardness was significantly correlated with the MTU stiffness at all intervals (range of r coefficients = -0.82 to -0.84). Conclusion. Muscle hardness is likely to reflect MTU stiffness showing longitudinal axis direction.",
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T1 - The relationship between muscle-tendon unit stiffness and muscle hardness of the gastrocnemius muscle using ultrasound real-time tissue elastography

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AU - Shimizu, T.

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N2 - Aim. Muscle hardness is important for the objective evaluation of muscle condition. Muscle hardness may be related to muscle-tendon unit (MTU) stiffness on the longitudinal axis, but the relationship remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the relationship between MTU stiffness and muscle hardness of the gastrocnemius muscle using ultrasound real-time tissue elastography (RTE). Methods. Participants were 20 healthy young men. MTU stiffness and muscle hardness were assessed 3 times at 15-minute intervals. MTU stiffness of the final area of the ankle joint angle was compared with muscle hardness. Muscle hardness was measured by RTE, and was identified at the position of the proximal 30% of the line connecting the popliteal line and the ankle joint lateral malleolus. In addition, RTE enabled digitizing of the hardness distribution of semiquantitative evaluations of muscle hardness by calculating the strain ratio (SR; muscle-to-coupler ratio). MTU stiffness was measured using an isokinetic torque machine, and was calculated as the slope of the polynomial fit passive torque-angle curves (the slope at a 10% final curve). Both measurements were taken while the left ankle was secured on an isokinetic machine with the knee joint fully extended. Results. Although there were no significant changes in the value of MTU stiffness and muscle hardness across the 15-minute intervals, muscle hardness was significantly correlated with the MTU stiffness at all intervals (range of r coefficients = -0.82 to -0.84). Conclusion. Muscle hardness is likely to reflect MTU stiffness showing longitudinal axis direction.

AB - Aim. Muscle hardness is important for the objective evaluation of muscle condition. Muscle hardness may be related to muscle-tendon unit (MTU) stiffness on the longitudinal axis, but the relationship remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the relationship between MTU stiffness and muscle hardness of the gastrocnemius muscle using ultrasound real-time tissue elastography (RTE). Methods. Participants were 20 healthy young men. MTU stiffness and muscle hardness were assessed 3 times at 15-minute intervals. MTU stiffness of the final area of the ankle joint angle was compared with muscle hardness. Muscle hardness was measured by RTE, and was identified at the position of the proximal 30% of the line connecting the popliteal line and the ankle joint lateral malleolus. In addition, RTE enabled digitizing of the hardness distribution of semiquantitative evaluations of muscle hardness by calculating the strain ratio (SR; muscle-to-coupler ratio). MTU stiffness was measured using an isokinetic torque machine, and was calculated as the slope of the polynomial fit passive torque-angle curves (the slope at a 10% final curve). Both measurements were taken while the left ankle was secured on an isokinetic machine with the knee joint fully extended. Results. Although there were no significant changes in the value of MTU stiffness and muscle hardness across the 15-minute intervals, muscle hardness was significantly correlated with the MTU stiffness at all intervals (range of r coefficients = -0.82 to -0.84). Conclusion. Muscle hardness is likely to reflect MTU stiffness showing longitudinal axis direction.

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