The relationship between serum total cholesterol and all-cause or cause-specific mortality in a 17.3-year study of a Japanese cohort

Tomonori Okamura, Hideo Tanaka, Naomi Miyamatsu, Takehito Hayakawa, Takashi Kadowaki, Yoshikuni Kita, Yasuyuki Nakamura, Akira Okayama, Hirotsugu Ueshima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

117 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

No study has shown a positive relationship between hypercholesterolemia and all-cause mortality in the Japanese population. Therefore, a cohort study of 17.3 years' duration was conducted on 9216 participants aged 30 years or older, selected randomly from throughout Japan. In both the lowest (<4.14 mmol/L, 160 mg/dl) and highest (≥6.71 mmol/L, 260 mg/dl) total cholesterol (TC) groups, there was a positive association between TC and risk of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio (HR) 1.19; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.03-1.37 and 1.36 (95% CI, 1.05-1.77), respectively). The lowest TC group had an increased risk of liver disease (HR 3.03; 95% CI, 1.70-5.43), whereas the highest TC group had an increased risk of coronary heart disease (HR 3.81; 95% CI, 1.70-5.43). After exclusion of deaths due to liver disease during the entire follow-up period and all-cause deaths within the first 5 years of follow-up, the increased HR in the lowest TC group disappeared (HR 1.05; 95% CI, 0.89-1.24). Although the cut-off point seemed to be higher than that for Western populations, hypercholesterolemia was shown to be positively associated with all-cause mortality in Japan.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-223
Number of pages8
JournalAtherosclerosis
Volume190
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • All-cause mortality
  • Cholesterol
  • Cohort studies
  • Liver disease
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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