Of 185 patients with single ventricle physiology, 59 patients who underwent Fontan type operations between April 1970 and May 2002 served as subjects. Subjects displayed a median age of 5.2 years and a median body weight of 11.4 kg. In the first 22 years (group 1), 34 patients underwent concomitant right atrium-pulmonary artery (RA-PA) anastomosis, Björk procedure and total cavopulmonary connection (TCPC), while in the last 8 years (group 2), 25 patients underwent staged TCPC, where bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt (BCPS) and obliteration of additional pulmonary blood flow was performed previously. Four cases of early death (group 1:4 patients, group 2:0 patient) and 12 cases of late death (group 1:11 patients, group 2:1 patient) were encountered. Early mortality was 6.8% (group 1:12%, group 2:0%, p = 0.10) and late mortality was 21%. The 5-year survival rate was 85.2 +/- 4.9% (group 1:80.0 +/- 6.8%, group 2:93.8 +/- 6.1%, p = NS), and the 10-year survival rate was 79.6 +/- 6.0%. Staged TCPC, precedent BCPS with obliteration of additional pulmonary blood flow, seems to be beneficial for accurate patient selection for Fontan candidate.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Kyobu geka. The Japanese journal of thoracic surgery|
|Publication status||Published - 2003 Apr|
ASJC Scopus subject areas