The role of the 2H4 molecule in the generation of suppressor function in Con A-activated T cells

C. Morimoto, N. L. Letvin, C. E. Rudd, M. Hagan, T. Takeuchi, S. F. Schlossman

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Abstract

The molecular basis for the suppression generated in a concanavalin A (Con A)-activated T cell culture remains unknown. In this study, we have attempted to determine whether the 2H4 and 4B4 molecules on Con A-activated T cells play some role in the generation of suppression by such cells. We have shown that Con A-activated suppressor cells belong to the 2H4+ subset of T cells but not the 4B4+ (2H4-) subset. Con A-activated T cell exerted their optimal suppressor function on day 2 in culture, a time at which the expression of 2H4 on such cells was maximal and 4B4 was minimal. Furthermore, the stimulation of T cells with the higher concentration of Con A generated the stronger suppressor function. At the same time, both 2H4 expression and density were increased and 4B4 expression and density were decreased on such Con A-activated T cells. More importantly, the treatment of Con A-activated T cells with anti-2H4 antibody but not with anti-4B4, anti-TQ1, or anti-T4 antibodies can block the suppressor function of such cells. Taken together, the above results strongly suggest that the 2H4 molecule itself may be involved in the generation of suppressor function in Con A-activated T cells. The 2H4 antigen on such cells was shown to be comprised of 220,000 and 200,000 m.w. glycoproteins. Thus this study indicates that the 220,000 and 200,000 m.w. structure of the 2H4 molecule may itself play a crucial role in the generation of suppressor signals of Con A-activated cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3247-3253
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume137
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 1986 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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    Morimoto, C., Letvin, N. L., Rudd, C. E., Hagan, M., Takeuchi, T., & Schlossman, S. F. (1986). The role of the 2H4 molecule in the generation of suppressor function in Con A-activated T cells. Journal of Immunology, 137(10), 3247-3253.