The state, family, and the insane in Japan, 1900–1945

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A brief look at the history of psychiatric confinement in Japan from the Meiji Restoration (1868) to the Japanese experience of the Second World War (1941–5) must give a sense of déjà-vu to those familiar with its European counterparts in the nineteenth century. A cause célèbre of wrongful confinement led modern Japan to the Mental Patients' Custody Act (1900), its first national legislation for regulating the confinement of lunatics. In 1919, the effort of a few eminent psychiatrists, as well as the initiative of health officials at the central government, led to the Mental Hospitals Act (1919), which promoted hospital-based provision for the insane. Under these two acts, psychiatric provision in pre-war Japan expanded rapidly in the first four decades of the twentieth century, just like its empire in the Far East. Especially when compared with the situation in England in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, one is struck by the similarities. When the two countries started to confine the insane on a large scale, with an interval of about one century, they were both in the turmoil of industrialization, which perhaps acted as a kind of predisposing condition to the rise of asylum. Moreover, England and Japan shared three important factors in their creation of asylum-based psychiatric provision: the impetus given by exposé of the abuse of psychiatric confinement, the initiative taken by the central government, and the establishment of a psychiatric profession.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Confinement of the Insane: International Perspectives, 1800-1965
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages193-225
Number of pages33
Volume9780521802062
ISBN (Print)9780511497612, 0521802067, 9780521802062
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Jan 1

Fingerprint

Japan
England
Government
Meiji
Second World War
Causes
Expo
Abuse
Health
Legislation
Rise
Psychiatrists
Impetus
History
Mental Hospital
Restoration
Industrialization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this

Suzuki, A. (2003). The state, family, and the insane in Japan, 1900–1945. In The Confinement of the Insane: International Perspectives, 1800-1965 (Vol. 9780521802062, pp. 193-225). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511497612.009

The state, family, and the insane in Japan, 1900–1945. / Suzuki, Akihito.

The Confinement of the Insane: International Perspectives, 1800-1965. Vol. 9780521802062 Cambridge University Press, 2003. p. 193-225.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Suzuki, A 2003, The state, family, and the insane in Japan, 1900–1945. in The Confinement of the Insane: International Perspectives, 1800-1965. vol. 9780521802062, Cambridge University Press, pp. 193-225. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511497612.009
Suzuki A. The state, family, and the insane in Japan, 1900–1945. In The Confinement of the Insane: International Perspectives, 1800-1965. Vol. 9780521802062. Cambridge University Press. 2003. p. 193-225 https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511497612.009
Suzuki, Akihito. / The state, family, and the insane in Japan, 1900–1945. The Confinement of the Insane: International Perspectives, 1800-1965. Vol. 9780521802062 Cambridge University Press, 2003. pp. 193-225
@inbook{840a3b5db0974cb7843f81c1ddf627e7,
title = "The state, family, and the insane in Japan, 1900–1945",
abstract = "A brief look at the history of psychiatric confinement in Japan from the Meiji Restoration (1868) to the Japanese experience of the Second World War (1941–5) must give a sense of d{\'e}j{\`a}-vu to those familiar with its European counterparts in the nineteenth century. A cause c{\'e}l{\`e}bre of wrongful confinement led modern Japan to the Mental Patients' Custody Act (1900), its first national legislation for regulating the confinement of lunatics. In 1919, the effort of a few eminent psychiatrists, as well as the initiative of health officials at the central government, led to the Mental Hospitals Act (1919), which promoted hospital-based provision for the insane. Under these two acts, psychiatric provision in pre-war Japan expanded rapidly in the first four decades of the twentieth century, just like its empire in the Far East. Especially when compared with the situation in England in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, one is struck by the similarities. When the two countries started to confine the insane on a large scale, with an interval of about one century, they were both in the turmoil of industrialization, which perhaps acted as a kind of predisposing condition to the rise of asylum. Moreover, England and Japan shared three important factors in their creation of asylum-based psychiatric provision: the impetus given by expos{\'e} of the abuse of psychiatric confinement, the initiative taken by the central government, and the establishment of a psychiatric profession.",
author = "Akihito Suzuki",
year = "2003",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1017/CBO9780511497612.009",
language = "English",
isbn = "9780511497612",
volume = "9780521802062",
pages = "193--225",
booktitle = "The Confinement of the Insane: International Perspectives, 1800-1965",
publisher = "Cambridge University Press",

}

TY - CHAP

T1 - The state, family, and the insane in Japan, 1900–1945

AU - Suzuki, Akihito

PY - 2003/1/1

Y1 - 2003/1/1

N2 - A brief look at the history of psychiatric confinement in Japan from the Meiji Restoration (1868) to the Japanese experience of the Second World War (1941–5) must give a sense of déjà-vu to those familiar with its European counterparts in the nineteenth century. A cause célèbre of wrongful confinement led modern Japan to the Mental Patients' Custody Act (1900), its first national legislation for regulating the confinement of lunatics. In 1919, the effort of a few eminent psychiatrists, as well as the initiative of health officials at the central government, led to the Mental Hospitals Act (1919), which promoted hospital-based provision for the insane. Under these two acts, psychiatric provision in pre-war Japan expanded rapidly in the first four decades of the twentieth century, just like its empire in the Far East. Especially when compared with the situation in England in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, one is struck by the similarities. When the two countries started to confine the insane on a large scale, with an interval of about one century, they were both in the turmoil of industrialization, which perhaps acted as a kind of predisposing condition to the rise of asylum. Moreover, England and Japan shared three important factors in their creation of asylum-based psychiatric provision: the impetus given by exposé of the abuse of psychiatric confinement, the initiative taken by the central government, and the establishment of a psychiatric profession.

AB - A brief look at the history of psychiatric confinement in Japan from the Meiji Restoration (1868) to the Japanese experience of the Second World War (1941–5) must give a sense of déjà-vu to those familiar with its European counterparts in the nineteenth century. A cause célèbre of wrongful confinement led modern Japan to the Mental Patients' Custody Act (1900), its first national legislation for regulating the confinement of lunatics. In 1919, the effort of a few eminent psychiatrists, as well as the initiative of health officials at the central government, led to the Mental Hospitals Act (1919), which promoted hospital-based provision for the insane. Under these two acts, psychiatric provision in pre-war Japan expanded rapidly in the first four decades of the twentieth century, just like its empire in the Far East. Especially when compared with the situation in England in the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century, one is struck by the similarities. When the two countries started to confine the insane on a large scale, with an interval of about one century, they were both in the turmoil of industrialization, which perhaps acted as a kind of predisposing condition to the rise of asylum. Moreover, England and Japan shared three important factors in their creation of asylum-based psychiatric provision: the impetus given by exposé of the abuse of psychiatric confinement, the initiative taken by the central government, and the establishment of a psychiatric profession.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84907660536&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84907660536&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1017/CBO9780511497612.009

DO - 10.1017/CBO9780511497612.009

M3 - Chapter

SN - 9780511497612

SN - 0521802067

SN - 9780521802062

VL - 9780521802062

SP - 193

EP - 225

BT - The Confinement of the Insane: International Perspectives, 1800-1965

PB - Cambridge University Press

ER -