The unfolded protein response in skeletal development and homeostasis

Keisuke Horiuchi, Takahide Tohmonda, Hideo Morioka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Osteoblasts and chondrocytes produce a large number of extracellular matrix proteins to generate and maintain the skeletal system. To cope with their functions as secretory cells, these cells must acquire a considerable capacity for protein synthesis and also the machinery for the quality-control and transport of newly synthesized secreted proteins. The unfolded protein response (UPR) plays a crucial role during the differentiation of these cells to achieve this goal. Unexpectedly, however, studies in the past several years have revealed that the UPR has more extensive functions in skeletal development than was initially assumed, and the UPR critically orchestrates many facets of skeletal development and homeostasis. This review focuses on recent findings on the functions of the UPR in the differentiation of osteoblasts, chondrocytes, and osteoclasts. These findings may have a substantial impact on our understanding of bone metabolism and also on establishing treatments for congenital and acquired skeletal disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalCellular and Molecular Life Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2016 Mar 22

Keywords

  • ATF6
  • Chondrocyte
  • ER stress
  • IRE1α
  • Osteoblast
  • Osteoclast
  • PERK
  • Unfolded protein response

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmacology
  • Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience

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