Theoretical study of variable function (cutting/coagulating) laser surgical system using continuous wave 3 μm, 2 μm cascade Ho3+: ZBLAN fiber laser

K. Naruse, Tsunenori Arai, S. Kawauchi, T. Sumiyoshi, S. Kiyoshima, M. Ishihara, S. Sato, M. Kikuchi, H. Sekita, M. Obara

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We theoretically investigated variable-function (cutting/coagulating) characteristics of the continuous wave 3 μm, 2 μm cascade Ho3+:ZBLAN fiber laser using three-dimensional heat-conduction calculation with finite element method. We have modified a commercial-available simulator in order to calculate heat conduction and thermal ablation process in soft tissue. In this calculation we considered specific heat rise due to the thermal denaturation of protein and volume shrinkage caused by temperature elevation. Beam profile, beam traveling speed, output power, and absorption coefficient were employed to describe the laser beam. The configuration of cutting groove and temperature distribution were calculated by varying the power ratio of the two wavelengths. Coagulation layer was defined as the region that was over 60°C for 1 second because we found that birefringence loss in porcine myocardium observed by a polarizing microscope occurred on this temperature history. When we increased the power ratio of 2 μm radiation to the total power of 0.9 W from 0% to 100% at the traveling speed of 0.5 mm/s, the incision depth decreased from 1.45 mm to 0.25 mm, while the coagulation layer thickness increased from 0.17 mm to 0.70 mm. We experimentally performed laser cutting on the same condition by our calculation using extracted porcine myocardium and compared this experimental results with the calculated results. We demonstrated that the incision depth and coagulation layer thickness estimated by our calculation indicated good agreement with the experimental results within 20% differences regarding the function variability by 3 μm/2 μm light mixing.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsD.D. Duncan, S.L. Jacques, P.C. Johnson
Pages334-340
Number of pages7
Volume4257
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
EventLaser-Tissue Interaction XII: Photochemical, Photothermal, and Photomechanical - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: 2001 Jan 212001 Jan 24

Other

OtherLaser-Tissue Interaction XII: Photochemical, Photothermal, and Photomechanical
CountryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA
Period01/1/2101/1/24

Fingerprint

laser cutting
Fiber lasers
continuous radiation
fiber lasers
cascades
coagulation
Coagulation
myocardium
Lasers
Heat conduction
conductive heat transfer
Denaturation
biopolymer denaturation
Ablation
Birefringence
shrinkage
grooves
ablation
simulators
Specific heat

Keywords

  • Finite element method
  • Heat conduction calculation
  • Thermal ablation
  • Thermal denaturation
  • Variable function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

Naruse, K., Arai, T., Kawauchi, S., Sumiyoshi, T., Kiyoshima, S., Ishihara, M., ... Obara, M. (2001). Theoretical study of variable function (cutting/coagulating) laser surgical system using continuous wave 3 μm, 2 μm cascade Ho3+: ZBLAN fiber laser. In D. D. Duncan, S. L. Jacques, & P. C. Johnson (Eds.), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering (Vol. 4257, pp. 334-340) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.434718

Theoretical study of variable function (cutting/coagulating) laser surgical system using continuous wave 3 μm, 2 μm cascade Ho3+ : ZBLAN fiber laser. / Naruse, K.; Arai, Tsunenori; Kawauchi, S.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Kiyoshima, S.; Ishihara, M.; Sato, S.; Kikuchi, M.; Sekita, H.; Obara, M.

Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. ed. / D.D. Duncan; S.L. Jacques; P.C. Johnson. Vol. 4257 2001. p. 334-340.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Naruse, K, Arai, T, Kawauchi, S, Sumiyoshi, T, Kiyoshima, S, Ishihara, M, Sato, S, Kikuchi, M, Sekita, H & Obara, M 2001, Theoretical study of variable function (cutting/coagulating) laser surgical system using continuous wave 3 μm, 2 μm cascade Ho3+: ZBLAN fiber laser. in DD Duncan, SL Jacques & PC Johnson (eds), Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. vol. 4257, pp. 334-340, Laser-Tissue Interaction XII: Photochemical, Photothermal, and Photomechanical, San Jose, CA, United States, 01/1/21. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.434718
Naruse K, Arai T, Kawauchi S, Sumiyoshi T, Kiyoshima S, Ishihara M et al. Theoretical study of variable function (cutting/coagulating) laser surgical system using continuous wave 3 μm, 2 μm cascade Ho3+: ZBLAN fiber laser. In Duncan DD, Jacques SL, Johnson PC, editors, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. Vol. 4257. 2001. p. 334-340 https://doi.org/10.1117/12.434718
Naruse, K. ; Arai, Tsunenori ; Kawauchi, S. ; Sumiyoshi, T. ; Kiyoshima, S. ; Ishihara, M. ; Sato, S. ; Kikuchi, M. ; Sekita, H. ; Obara, M. / Theoretical study of variable function (cutting/coagulating) laser surgical system using continuous wave 3 μm, 2 μm cascade Ho3+ : ZBLAN fiber laser. Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering. editor / D.D. Duncan ; S.L. Jacques ; P.C. Johnson. Vol. 4257 2001. pp. 334-340
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