Theory of nanobubble formation and induced force in nanochannels

Noriyoshi Arai, Takahiro Koishi, Toshikazu Ebisuzaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a fundamental theory of nanobubble formation and induced force in confined nanochannels. It is shown that nanobubble formation between hydrophobic plates can be predicted from their surface tension and geometry, with estimated values for the surface free energy and the force acting on the plates in good agreement with the results of molecular dynamics simulation and experimentation. When a bubble is formed between two plates, vertical attractive force and horizontal retract force due to the shifted plates are applied to the plates. The net force exerted on the plates is not dependent on the distance between them. The short-range force between hydrophobic surfaces due to hydrophobic interaction appears to correspond to the force estimated by our theory. We compared between experimental and theoretical values for the binding energy of a molecular motor system to validate our theory. The tendency that the binding energy increases as the size of the protein increases is consistent with the theory.

Original languageEnglish
Article number042802
JournalPhysical Review E
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Oct 11
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics


Dive into the research topics of 'Theory of nanobubble formation and induced force in nanochannels'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this