Therapeutic hypothermia for neonatal encephalopathy: A report from the first 3 years of the Baby Cooling Registry of Japan

Kennosuke Tsuda, Takeo Mukai, Sachiko Iwata, Jun Shibasaki, Takuya Tokuhisa, Tomoaki Ioroi, Hiroyuki Sano, Nanae Yutaka, Akihito Takahashi, Akihito Takeuchi, Toshiki Takenouchi, Yuko Araki, Hisanori Sobajima, Masanori Tamura, Shigeharu Hosono, Makoto Nabetani, Osuke Iwata

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Abstract

Therapeutic hypothermia is recommended for moderate and severe neonatal encephalopathy, but is being applied to a wider range of neonates than originally envisaged. To examine the clinical use of therapeutic hypothermia, data collected during the first 3 years (2012-2014) of the Baby Cooling Registry of Japan were analysed. Of 485 cooled neonates, 96.5% were =36 weeks gestation and 99.4% weighed =1,800 g. Severe acidosis (pH < 7 or base deficit =16 mmol/L) was present in 68.9%, and 96.7% required resuscitation for >10 min. Stage II/III encephalopathy was evident in 88.3%; hypotonia, seizures and abnormal amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram were observed in the majority of the remainder. In-hospital mortality was 2.7%; 90.7% were discharged home. Apgar scores and severity of acidosis/encephalopathy did not change over time. The time to reach the target temperature was shorter in 2014 than in 2012. The proportion undergoing whole-body cooling rose from 45.4% to 81.6%, while selective head cooling fell over time. Mortality, duration of mechanical ventilation and requirement for tube feeding at discharge remained unchanged. Adherence to standard cooling protocols was high throughout, with a consistent trend towards cooling being achieved more promptly. The mortality rate of cooled neonates was considerably lower than that reported in previous studies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number39508
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jan 4

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    Tsuda, K., Mukai, T., Iwata, S., Shibasaki, J., Tokuhisa, T., Ioroi, T., Sano, H., Yutaka, N., Takahashi, A., Takeuchi, A., Takenouchi, T., Araki, Y., Sobajima, H., Tamura, M., Hosono, S., Nabetani, M., & Iwata, O. (2017). Therapeutic hypothermia for neonatal encephalopathy: A report from the first 3 years of the Baby Cooling Registry of Japan. Scientific Reports, 7, [39508]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep39508