We demonstrated nanostructural control of a functional material for electrochemical applications by using a biomimetic solution route. A nanoscopically ordered architecture of calcite-type MnCO3 nanocrystals mimicking hierarchical structures of biological CaCO3 was successfully produced in an organic gel matrix. A highly porous structure of spinel-type LiMn2O4 was produced as a cathode material for lithium-ion batteries from the ordered MnCO3 architecture through nanocrystalline Mn2O3 as an intermediate phase. The rigid framework consisting of connected LiMn2O4 nanoparticles provided high durability in a lithium insertion/extraction process at a high current density due to a high porosity for the electrochemical reaction and three-dimensional channels for ion diffusion.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Chemistry