Three-dimensional helical CT for treatment planning of breast cancer

H. Hiramatsu, K. Enomoto, T. Ikeda, M. Mukai, T. Furuta, H. Hattori, Y. Tanami, Toshio Ohashi, M. Kitajima, K. Hiramatsu

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Abstract

Purpose: The role of three-dimensional (3D) helical CT in the treatment planning of breast cancer was evaluated. Methods: Of 36 patients examined, 30 had invasive ductal carcinoma, three had invasive lobular carcinoma, one had DCIS, one had DCIS with minimal invasion, and 1 had Paget's disease. Patients were examined in the supine position. The whole breast was scanned under about 25 seconds of breath-holding using helical CT (Proceed, Yokogawa Medical Systems, or High-speed Advantage, GE Medical Systems). 3D imaging was obtained with computer assistance (Advantage Windows, GE Medical Systems). Results: Linear and/or spotty enhancement on helical CT was considered to suggest DCIS or intraductal spread in the area surrounding the invasive cancer. Of 36 patients, 24 showed linear and/or spotty enhancement on helical CT, and 22 of those 24 patients had DCIS or intraductal spread. In contrast, 12 of 36 patients were considered to have little or no intraductal spread on helical CT, and eight of the 12 patients had little or no intraductal spread on pathological examination. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy rates for detecting intraductal spread on MRI were 85%, 80%, and 83%, respectively. Conclusions: 3D helical CT was considered useful in detecting intraductal spread and planning surgery, however, a larger study using a precise correlation with pathology is necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalRadiation Medicine - Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
Volume17
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1999

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Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • EIC
  • Helical CT
  • Intraductal spread
  • Three-dimensional helical CT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Radiation

Cite this

Hiramatsu, H., Enomoto, K., Ikeda, T., Mukai, M., Furuta, T., Hattori, H., Tanami, Y., Ohashi, T., Kitajima, M., & Hiramatsu, K. (1999). Three-dimensional helical CT for treatment planning of breast cancer. Radiation Medicine - Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, 17(1), 35-40.