Three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic analysis of quadrupedal walking in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)

Hikaru Shimada, Ryogo Kanai, Takahiro Kondo, Kimika Yoshino-Saito, Akito Uchida, Masaya Nakamura, Junichi Ushiba, Hideyuki Okano, Naomichi Ogihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The common marmoset has recently gained a great deal of attention as an experimental primate model for biological science and medical research. To use the common marmoset for development of novel treatments and rehabilitation for locomotor disorders, it is crucial to understand fundamental baseline characteristics of locomotion in this species. Therefore, in the present study we performed kinematic and kinetic analyses of quadrupedal locomotion in this animal. A total of 14 common marmosets walking quadrupedally along a walkway were analyzed using synchronized high-speed cameras, with two force platforms set in the walkway. Our results demonstrated that the marmoset uses a lateral sequence walking pattern, in contrast to the macaque and other primates, which usually adopt a diagonal sequence pattern. Furthermore, peak vertical ground reaction force on the forelimb was larger than that on the hindlimb. The rate of energy recovery for quadrupedal walking in the common marmoset was much smaller than that in the macaque, indicating that the marmoset generally utilizes bouncing mechanics in locomotion, even though the duty factor is >. 0.5. This description of locomotor characteristics of intact marmosets may serve as a basis for comparative analyses of changes in gait due to rehabilitation and regenerative treatments.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNeuroscience Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Callithrix
Biomechanical Phenomena
Walking
Locomotion
Macaca
Primates
Rehabilitation
Forelimb
Biological Science Disciplines
Hindlimb
Mechanics
Gait
Biomedical Research
Theoretical Models
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Footfall pattern
  • Ground reaction force
  • Locomotion
  • Mechanical energy
  • Primate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic analysis of quadrupedal walking in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus). / Shimada, Hikaru; Kanai, Ryogo; Kondo, Takahiro; Yoshino-Saito, Kimika; Uchida, Akito; Nakamura, Masaya; Ushiba, Junichi; Okano, Hideyuki; Ogihara, Naomichi.

In: Neuroscience Research, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8c1aefd252234e8cbbcb1af0faf89bf9,
title = "Three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic analysis of quadrupedal walking in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)",
abstract = "The common marmoset has recently gained a great deal of attention as an experimental primate model for biological science and medical research. To use the common marmoset for development of novel treatments and rehabilitation for locomotor disorders, it is crucial to understand fundamental baseline characteristics of locomotion in this species. Therefore, in the present study we performed kinematic and kinetic analyses of quadrupedal locomotion in this animal. A total of 14 common marmosets walking quadrupedally along a walkway were analyzed using synchronized high-speed cameras, with two force platforms set in the walkway. Our results demonstrated that the marmoset uses a lateral sequence walking pattern, in contrast to the macaque and other primates, which usually adopt a diagonal sequence pattern. Furthermore, peak vertical ground reaction force on the forelimb was larger than that on the hindlimb. The rate of energy recovery for quadrupedal walking in the common marmoset was much smaller than that in the macaque, indicating that the marmoset generally utilizes bouncing mechanics in locomotion, even though the duty factor is >. 0.5. This description of locomotor characteristics of intact marmosets may serve as a basis for comparative analyses of changes in gait due to rehabilitation and regenerative treatments.",
keywords = "Footfall pattern, Ground reaction force, Locomotion, Mechanical energy, Primate",
author = "Hikaru Shimada and Ryogo Kanai and Takahiro Kondo and Kimika Yoshino-Saito and Akito Uchida and Masaya Nakamura and Junichi Ushiba and Hideyuki Okano and Naomichi Ogihara",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.neures.2017.06.005",
language = "English",
journal = "Neuroscience Research",
issn = "0168-0102",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Three-dimensional kinematic and kinetic analysis of quadrupedal walking in the common marmoset (Callithrix jacchus)

AU - Shimada, Hikaru

AU - Kanai, Ryogo

AU - Kondo, Takahiro

AU - Yoshino-Saito, Kimika

AU - Uchida, Akito

AU - Nakamura, Masaya

AU - Ushiba, Junichi

AU - Okano, Hideyuki

AU - Ogihara, Naomichi

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The common marmoset has recently gained a great deal of attention as an experimental primate model for biological science and medical research. To use the common marmoset for development of novel treatments and rehabilitation for locomotor disorders, it is crucial to understand fundamental baseline characteristics of locomotion in this species. Therefore, in the present study we performed kinematic and kinetic analyses of quadrupedal locomotion in this animal. A total of 14 common marmosets walking quadrupedally along a walkway were analyzed using synchronized high-speed cameras, with two force platforms set in the walkway. Our results demonstrated that the marmoset uses a lateral sequence walking pattern, in contrast to the macaque and other primates, which usually adopt a diagonal sequence pattern. Furthermore, peak vertical ground reaction force on the forelimb was larger than that on the hindlimb. The rate of energy recovery for quadrupedal walking in the common marmoset was much smaller than that in the macaque, indicating that the marmoset generally utilizes bouncing mechanics in locomotion, even though the duty factor is >. 0.5. This description of locomotor characteristics of intact marmosets may serve as a basis for comparative analyses of changes in gait due to rehabilitation and regenerative treatments.

AB - The common marmoset has recently gained a great deal of attention as an experimental primate model for biological science and medical research. To use the common marmoset for development of novel treatments and rehabilitation for locomotor disorders, it is crucial to understand fundamental baseline characteristics of locomotion in this species. Therefore, in the present study we performed kinematic and kinetic analyses of quadrupedal locomotion in this animal. A total of 14 common marmosets walking quadrupedally along a walkway were analyzed using synchronized high-speed cameras, with two force platforms set in the walkway. Our results demonstrated that the marmoset uses a lateral sequence walking pattern, in contrast to the macaque and other primates, which usually adopt a diagonal sequence pattern. Furthermore, peak vertical ground reaction force on the forelimb was larger than that on the hindlimb. The rate of energy recovery for quadrupedal walking in the common marmoset was much smaller than that in the macaque, indicating that the marmoset generally utilizes bouncing mechanics in locomotion, even though the duty factor is >. 0.5. This description of locomotor characteristics of intact marmosets may serve as a basis for comparative analyses of changes in gait due to rehabilitation and regenerative treatments.

KW - Footfall pattern

KW - Ground reaction force

KW - Locomotion

KW - Mechanical energy

KW - Primate

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85025176591&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85025176591&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.neures.2017.06.005

DO - 10.1016/j.neures.2017.06.005

M3 - Article

JO - Neuroscience Research

JF - Neuroscience Research

SN - 0168-0102

ER -