Three-institution study on applicability of initial brain metastasis velocity for breast cancer brain metastasis patients undergoing stereotactic radiosurgery

Masaaki Yamamoto, Toru Serizawa, Osamu Nagano, Kyoko Aoyagi, Yoshinori Higuchi, Yasunori Sato, Hidetoshi Kasuya, Bierta E. Barfod

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Purpose: This study aimed to validate whether the recently-proposed prognostic grading system, initial brain metastasis velocity (iBMV), is applicable to breast cancer patients receiving stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). We focused particularly on whether this grading system is useful for patients with all molecular types, i.e., positive versus negative for EsR, PgR and HER2. Methods and materials: This was an institutional review board-approved, retrospective cohort study using our database, prospectively accumulated at three gamma knife institutes, during the 20-year-period since 1998. We excluded patients for whom the day of primary cancer diagnosis was not available, had synchronous presentation, lacked information regarding molecular types, and/or had received pre-SRS radiotherapy and/or surgery. We ultimately studied 511 patients categorized into two classes by iBMV scores, i.e., < 2.00 and ≥ 2.00. Results: The median iBMV score for the entire cohort was 0.97 (IQR 0.39–2.84). Median survival time (MST) in patients with iBMV < 2.00, 15.9 (95% CI 13.0–18.6, IQR 7.5–35.5) months, was significantly longer than that in patients with iBMV ≥ 2.00, 8.2 (95% CI 6.8–9.9, IQR 3.9–19.4) months (HR 1.582, 95% CI: 1.308–1.915, p < 0.0001). The same results were obtained in patients with EsR (−), PgR (−), HER2 (+) and HER2 (−) cancers, while MSTs did not differ significantly between iBMV < 2.00 vs ≥ 2.00 in patients with EsR (+) and PgR (+) cancers. Conclusions: This system was clearly shown to be applicable to breast cancer patients with SRS-treated BMs. However, this system is not applicable to patients with hormone receptor (+) breast cancer.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Neuro-Oncology
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2020 Jan 1



  • Brain metastases
  • Gamma knife
  • Initial brain metastasis velocity
  • Prognosis
  • Radiosurgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cancer Research

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