Time-dependent evolution of functional vs. remodeling signaling in induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes and induced maturation with biomechanical stimulation

Gwanghyun Jung, Giovanni Fajardo, Alexandre J.S. Ribeiro, Kristina Bezold Kooiker, Michael Coronado, Mingming Zhao, Dong Qing Hu, Sushma Reddy, Kazuki Kodo, Krishna Sriram, Paul A. Insel, Joseph C. Wu, Beth L. Pruitt, Daniel Bernstein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human induced pluripotent stem cellderived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) are a powerful platform for uncovering disease mechanisms and assessing drugs for efficacy/toxicity. However, the accuracy with which hiPSC-CMs recapitulate the contractile and remodeling signaling of adult cardiomyocytes is not fully known. We used β-adrenergic receptor (β-AR) signaling as a prototype to determine the evolution of signaling component expression and function during hiPSC-CM maturation. In "early" hiPSC-CMs (less than or equal to d 30), β2-ARs are a primary source of cAMP/PKA signaling. With longer culture, β1-AR signaling increases: from 0% of cAMP generation at d 30 to 56.8 ± 6.6% by d 60. PKA signaling shows a similar increase: 15.7 ± 5.2%(d 30), 49.8 ± 0.5%(d 60), and 71.0 ± 6.1% (d 90). cAMP generation increases 9-fold from d 30 to 60, with enhanced coupling to remodeling pathways (e.g., Akt and Ca2+/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase type II) and development of caveolin-mediated signaling compartmentalization. By contrast, cardiotoxicity induced by chronic β-AR stimulation, a major component of heart failure, develops much later: 5% cell death at d 30 vs. 55% at d 90. Moreover, β-AR maturation can be accelerated by biomechanical stimulation. The differential maturation of β-AR functional vs. remodeling signaling in hiPSC-CMs has important implications for their use in disease modeling and drug testing. We propose that assessment of signaling be added to the indices of phenotypic maturation of hiPSC-CMs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1464-1479
Number of pages16
JournalFASEB Journal
Volume30
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Apr
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cardiotoxicity testing
  • Cell signaling maturation
  • β-adrenergic receptor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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