Time-of-flight measurements of vortices emitted from quantum turbulence in superfluid 4He

H. Kubo, Y. Nago, A. Nishijima, K. Obara, H. Yano, O. Ishikawa, T. Hata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An oscillating obstacle generates quantum turbulence in superfluids, when vortices remained attached to obstacle surfaces or vortex rings collided with it during oscillation. Turbulence provides a source of vortices; however, the characteristics of these vortices are not clear. In the present work, we report the flight of vortices emitted from quantum turbulence in superfluid 4He at low temperatures, using vibrating wires as a generator and a detector of vortices. A vortex-free vibrating wire can detect only the first colliding vortex ring, though it will be refreshed after low vibration and be able to detect a vortex ring again. By measuring a period from the start of turbulence generation to the vortex detection repeatedly, we find an exponential distribution of time-of-flights with a non-detection period t 0 and a mean detection period t 1, suggesting a Poisson process. Both periods t 0 and t 1 increase with increasing distance between a generator and a detector. A vortex flight velocity estimated from period t 0 suggests that the sizes of the emitted vortex rings distribute to a range smaller than a generator thickness or a generator vibration amplitude. Vortices are emitted radially from a turbulence region, at least in the direction of oscillator vibration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)466-472
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Low Temperature Physics
Volume171
Issue number5-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jun 1

Keywords

  • Quantized vortex
  • Quantum turbulence
  • Superfluid He

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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