Time-Resolved Quantitative Analysis of the Diaphragms During Tidal Breathing in a Standing Position Using Dynamic Chest Radiography with a Flat Panel Detector System (“Dynamic X-Ray Phrenicography”): Initial Experience in 172 Volunteers

Yoshitake Yamada, Masako Ueyama, Takehiko Abe, Tetsuro Araki, Takayuki Abe, Mizuki Nishino, Masahiro Jinzaki, Hiroto Hatabu, Shoji Kudoh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Rationale and Objectives Diaphragmatic motion in a standing position during tidal breathing remains unclear. The purpose of this observational study was to evaluate diaphragmatic motion during tidal breathing in a standing position in a health screening center cohort using dynamic chest radiography in association with participants’ demographic characteristics. Materials and Methods One hundred seventy-two subjects (103 men; aged 56.3 ± 9.8 years) underwent sequential chest radiographs during tidal breathing using dynamic chest radiography with a flat panel detector system. We evaluated the excursions of and peak motion speeds of the diaphragms. Associations between the excursions and participants’ demographics (gender, height, weight, body mass index [BMI], smoking history, tidal volume, vital capacity, and forced expiratory volume) were investigated. Results The average excursion of the left diaphragm (14.9 ± 4.6 mm, 95% CI 14.2–15.5 mm) was significantly larger than that of the right (11.0 ± 4.0 mm, 95% CI 10.4–11.6 mm) (P < 0.001). The peak motion speed of the left diaphragm (inspiratory, 16.6 ± 4.2 mm/s; expiratory, 13.7 ± 4.2 mm/s) was significantly faster than that of the right (inspiratory, 12.4 ± 4.4 mm/s; expiratory, 9.4 ± 3.8 mm/s) (both P < 0.001). Both simple and multiple regression models demonstrated that higher BMI and higher tidal volume were associated with increased excursions of the bilateral diaphragm (all P < 0.05). Conclusions The average excursions of the diaphragms are 11.0 mm (right) and 14.9 mm (left) during tidal breathing in a standing position. The diaphragmatic motion of the left is significantly larger and faster than that of the right. Higher BMI and tidal volume are associated with increased excursions of the bilateral diaphragm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)393-400
Number of pages8
JournalAcademic Radiology
Volume24
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Apr 1

Keywords

  • diaphragm
  • Radiography
  • respiration
  • thorax
  • X-ray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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