Tocilizumab is clinically, functionally, and radiographically effective and safe either with or without low-dose methotrexate in active rheumatoid arthritis patients with inadequate responses to DMARDs and/or TNF inhibitors: A single-center retrospective cohort study (KEIO-TCZ study) at week 52

Keisuke Izumi, Yuko Kaneko, Hidekata Yasuoka, Noriyuki Seta, Hideto Kameda, Masataka Kuwana, Tsutomu Takeuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives. To explore the effectiveness and safety of tocilizumab (TCZ) with or without methotrexate (MTX) in active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients showing inadequate responses to DMARDs and/or TNF inhibitors in clinical practice. Methods. We observed consecutive 115 RA patients initiating TCZ treatment in Keio University Hospital, dividing them into two groups with (TCZ + MTX group) or without MTX (TCZ group), and evaluated clinical, functional and structural outcomes besides safety at week 52. Results. Overall mean age, RA duration, and DAS28-ESR were 55.4, 8.4 years, and 5.0, respectively. Proportions of the prior use of TNF inhibitors and concomitant MTX were 45.5% and 57.4%, respectively. Mean dose of concomitant MTX was 8.4 mg/week. Baseline characteristics were comparable between the groups. TCZ improved disease activity measured by DAS28-ESR to 2.1 at week 52 overall, without significant difference between the groups. Clinical (DAS28-ESR < 2.6),functional (HAQ-DI =£0.5), and structural (ATSS<0.5) remission ratesintheTCZgroupand the TCZ + MTX group were 79.1%/63.8% (P = 0.10), 62.8%/54.4% (P = 0.40), and 70.0%/53.8% (P = 0.61), respectively. Retention rates were 81.0% in the TCZ + MTX group and 88.5% in the TCZ group (P = 0.47. The rate of serious adverse events was comparable between the groups. Conclusions. TCZ was clinically, functionally, and radiographically effective and safe either with or without low-dose MTX.

Original languageEnglish
JournalModern Rheumatology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Joint destruction
  • Methotrexate
  • Remission
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Tocilizumab

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rheumatology

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