Torque control of traveling-wave-type ultrasonic motors using the friction contact model

Yoichi Ogahara, Takashi Maeno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As an alternative to an electromagnetic motor, a traveling-wave-type ultrasonic motor (USM) has been attracted considerable attention. In this paper, torque control system design of the USM is discussed to implement the USM for a robot. The torque control method is proposed to apply the friction contact model as the control model of the USM and vibration amplitude control is built into the inner loop. Actually, torque control is conducted using the designed system. Firstly, the USM is modeled as the 3 models : the vibration model, the friction contact model and the rotor model. The friction contact model is the discrete spring model taking into account the slip. Vibration amplitude control is proposed and designed because the spring model assumed that the vibration amplitude is known. Secondly, the control apparatus using FPGA (Field Programming Gate Allay) is constructed and the control experiments are conducted. Relationship between torque and rotational speed is measured to verify the friction contact model. Finally, torque control experiment is conducted using the designed vibration amplitude control. Experimental results show that the designed torque control has an advantage over previous studies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)441-448
Number of pages8
JournalNihon Kikai Gakkai Ronbunshu, C Hen/Transactions of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers, Part C
Volume72
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Feb

Fingerprint

Torque control
Ultrasonics
Friction
Vibrations (mechanical)
Torque
Rotors
Experiments
Systems analysis
Robots
Control systems

Keywords

  • FPGA
  • Friction Contact Model
  • Spring Model
  • Torque Control
  • Ultrasonic Motor
  • Vibration Amplitude Control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "As an alternative to an electromagnetic motor, a traveling-wave-type ultrasonic motor (USM) has been attracted considerable attention. In this paper, torque control system design of the USM is discussed to implement the USM for a robot. The torque control method is proposed to apply the friction contact model as the control model of the USM and vibration amplitude control is built into the inner loop. Actually, torque control is conducted using the designed system. Firstly, the USM is modeled as the 3 models : the vibration model, the friction contact model and the rotor model. The friction contact model is the discrete spring model taking into account the slip. Vibration amplitude control is proposed and designed because the spring model assumed that the vibration amplitude is known. Secondly, the control apparatus using FPGA (Field Programming Gate Allay) is constructed and the control experiments are conducted. Relationship between torque and rotational speed is measured to verify the friction contact model. Finally, torque control experiment is conducted using the designed vibration amplitude control. Experimental results show that the designed torque control has an advantage over previous studies.",
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KW - Spring Model

KW - Torque Control

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