The total syntheses of three drimane-type sesquiterpenoids, (-)-mnio-petal E, (-)-mniopetal F, and (-)-kuehneromycin A, are described. These na products innibit the enzymatic activity of RNA-directed DNA-polymerases (reverse transcriptases) of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1. Our enantiospeci total syntheses of these target molecules in naturally occurring forms commenced with a known 2,3-anhydro-D-arabinitol derivative, which was prepared using th Sharpless asymmetric epoxidation strategy. A combination of highly stereocontrolled inter- and intramolecular Horner-Emmons carbon elongations led to the tw butenolides tethering 1,2,4,9- and 1,4,9-functionalized nona-5,7-diene moieties at the β-carbon. The key step in mniopetal E synthesis is a stereoselective thermal intramolecular Diels-Alder reaction of the former butenolide compound, providing a highly oxygenated tricyclic skeleton with the desired endo an π-facial selections. The intramolecular Diels-Alder reaction of the latter butenolide compound for the syntheses of other two drimanes also proceeded with stereoselectivity, which is controlled by a balance of the steric effect and the stereoelectronic effect of a trialkylsilyloxy substituent existing adjacent t dienophile in accordance with Cieplak's theory. The transformation of the γ-lactone moiety in the cycloadducts to the γ-hydroxy-γ-lactone part was effic achieved via a tetracyclic intermediate. Our total syntheses of (-)-mniopetal E, (-)-mniopetal F, and (-)-kuehneromycin A established the unsettled absolute stereochemistries of the antibiotics. In addition, the reported total syntheses by Jauch are briefly reviewed.