TP53 variants in p53 signatures and the clonality of STICs in RRSO samples

Tomoko Akahane, Kenta Masuda, Akira Hirasawa, Yusuke Kobayashi, Arisa Ueki, Miho Kawaida, Kumiko Misu, Kohei Nakamura, Shimpei Nagai, Tatsuyuki Chiyoda, Wataru Yamagami, Shigenori Hayashi, Fumio Kataoka, Kouji Banno, Kokichi Sugano, Hajime Okita, Kenjiro Kosaki, Hiroshi Nishihara, Daisuke Aoki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Precursor lesions may be identified in fallopian tube tissue after risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) in patients with pathogenic variants of BRCA1/2. Serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC) is considered a precursor of high-grade serous carcinoma, whereas the significance of the p53 signature remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the relationship between the p53 signature and the risk of ovarian cancer. METHODS: We analyzed the clinicopathological findings and conducted DNA sequencing for TP53 variants of p53 signatures and STIC lesions isolated using laser capture microdissection in 13 patients with pathogenic variants of BRCA1/2 who underwent RRSO and 17 control patients with the benign gynecologic disease. RESULTS: TP53 pathogenic variants were detected significantly higher in RRSO group than control (p<0.001). No difference in the frequency of p53 signatures were observed between groups (53.8% vs 29.4%; p=0.17). TP53 sequencing and next-generation sequencing analysis in a patient with STIC and occult cancer revealed 2 TP53 mutations causing different p53 staining for STICs and another TP53 mutation shared between STIC and occult cancer. CONCLUSION: The sequence analysis for TP53 revealed 2 types of p53 signatures, one with a risk of progression to STIC and ovarian cancer with pathological variants in TP53 and the other with a low risk of progression without pathological variants in TP53 as seen in control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e50
JournalJournal of gynecologic oncology
Volume33
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jul 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Carcinoma in Situ
  • Cystadenocarcinoma, Serous
  • Genes, BRCA1
  • Genes, BRCA2
  • Genes, p53
  • Prophylactic Surgical Procedures
  • Salpingo-Oophorectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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