Transcription Factor MafB Coordinates Epidermal Keratinocyte Differentiation

Masashi Miyai, Michito Hamada, Takashi Moriguchi, Junichiro Hiruma, Akiyo Kamitani-Kawamoto, Hajime Watanabe, Mariko Chikuma, Kenzo Takahashi, Satoru Takahashi, Kohsuke Kataoka

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15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mammalian epidermis is a stratified epithelium composed of distinct layers of keratinocytes. The outermost cornified layer is a primary barrier that consists of a cornified envelope, an insoluble structure assembled by cross-linked scaffold proteins, and a surrounding mixture of lipids. Skin keratinocytes undergo a multistep differentiation process, but the mechanism underlying this process is not fully understood. We demonstrate that the transcription factor MafB is expressed in differentiating keratinocytes in mice and is transcriptionally upregulated upon human keratinocyte differentiation in vitro. In MafB-deficient mice, epidermal differentiation was partially impaired and the cornified layer was thinner than in wild-type mice. On the basis of transcriptional profiling, we detected reduced expression levels of a subset of cornified envelope genes, for example, filaggrin and repetin, in the MafB−/− epidermis. By contrast, the expression levels of lipid metabolism-related genes, such as Alox12e and Smpd3, increased. The upregulated genes in the MafB−/− epidermis were enriched for putative target genes of the transcription factors Gata3, Grhl3, and Klf4. Immunohistochemical analysis of skin biopsy samples revealed that the expression levels of filaggrin and MafB were significantly reduced in patients with human atopic dermatitis and psoriasis vulgaris. Our results indicate that MafB is a component of the gene expression program that regulates epidermal keratinocyte differentiation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1848-1857
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Investigative Dermatology
Volume136
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 1

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Dermatology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Miyai, M., Hamada, M., Moriguchi, T., Hiruma, J., Kamitani-Kawamoto, A., Watanabe, H., Chikuma, M., Takahashi, K., Takahashi, S., & Kataoka, K. (2016). Transcription Factor MafB Coordinates Epidermal Keratinocyte Differentiation. Journal of Investigative Dermatology, 136(9), 1848-1857. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jid.2016.05.088