The larvae of the African midge, Polypedilum vanderplanki, can enter an ametabolic state called anhydrobiosis to conquer fatal desiccation stress. The Pv11 cell line, derived from embryos of the midge, shows desiccation tolerance by pretreatment with trehalose before desiccation; they can resume proliferation after rehydration. To address the underlying molecular mechanisms, we desiccated Pv11 cells after pretreatment with the medium containing trehalose and induced proliferation by rehydration. We collected the cells at each before and after desiccation and rehydration step and performed CAGE-seq of mRNA of those cells. By analysing differentially expressed genes (DEGs) among the results of CAGE-seq, we detected 384 DEGs after trehalose treatment and 14 DEGs after rehydration. Hierarchical clustering of the identified DEGs indicated that rehydration returns their expression pattern to that in the control culture state. DEGs involved in various stress responses, detoxification of harmful chemicals, and regulation of oxidoreduction were upregulated by trehalose treatment. DEGs for rehydration supported that DNA repair is one of the potential mechanisms involves recovery. This study provided initial insight into the molecular mechanisms underlying the extreme desiccation tolerance of Pv11 cells with a potential for proliferation following rehydration.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)