Classical neurotransmitters such as γ-aminobutyric acid and glutamate are released from synaptic nerve terminals by exocytosis of synaptic vesicles. PC12 cells also have SSVs capable of storing acetylcholine (ACh). A novel method to examine the effect of transient transfection of any gene of interest on the exocytosis of SSVs was developed. The transfection of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) into PC12 cells which have lost ACh synthesizing activity resulted in the accumulation of a substantial amount of ACh. Synthesized ACh was released in Ca2+-dependent manner. Release was thought to occur by an exocytosis of SSVs because: (1) release was abolished by treating the cells with vesamicol, a specific inhibitor of the vesicular ACh transporter (VAChT) localizing specifically in SSVs; and (2) the release was further increased by cotransfecting rat VAChT with the ChAT. By means of this method, we showed that overexpression of complexin I or II with ChAT markedly suppressed high-K+-dependent ACh release of SSVs.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 1999 Nov 30|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology