Translymphatic chemotherapy targeting sentinel lymph nodes using a novel phospholipid polymer-paclitaxel conjugate

Takashi Oyama, Hiroya Takeuchi, Sachiko Matsuda, Soji Ozawa, Masaki Kitajima, Yuko Kitagawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Although sentinel node (SN) biopsy has been applied for various types of solid tumors, its clinical significance is currently limited to the field of diagnostics. We developed a new translymphatic chemotherapy approach using a novel phospholipid polymer (PMB30W), which facilitates the dissolution of large amounts of paclitaxel. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the pharmacokinetics and antitumor effect of this conjugate (PTX-PMB30W) in a rat model. Materials and Methods: PTX-PMB30W was directly administered into the cecal submucosa or through the tail vein. The antitumor effect was compared between the two groups. Results: Paclitaxel concentrations in SNs remained constant over a 24-h period after local administration. Tumor growth was clearly suppressed by submucosal administration of PTX-PMB30W, resulting in a survival benefit compared to intravenous administration. Conclusion: Translymphatic chemotherapy targeting SNs via direct administration of PTX-PMB30W appears feasible, and this strategy may be applicable to the multi-disciplinary management of early solid cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1751-1758
Number of pages8
JournalAnticancer research
Volume34
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Apr 1

Keywords

  • 2-methacryloyloxyethyl phosphorylcholine
  • Micrometastasis
  • Paclitaxel
  • Sentinel node
  • Translymphatic chemotherapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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