Treatment of human breast cancer in a brain metastatic model by G207, a replication-competent multimutated herpes simplex virus 1

Masahiro Toda, Samuel D. Rabkin, Robert L. Martuza

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We investigated the therapeutic efficacy of G207, a replication-competent multimutated herpes simplex virus type 1, for the treatment of human malignant mammary tumors metastatic to the brain. In vitro studies demonstrated that G207 efficiently destroyed three of four human malignant breast cancer cell lines. MDA-MB-435 was most susceptible and MDA-MB-231 was least susceptible to G207. In athymic mice harboring subcutaneous or intracerebral MDA-MB-435 cells, intraneoplastic inoculation of G207 caused growth inhibition and/or prolonged survival. In contrast, G207 had minimal effects on MDA-MB-231 subcutaneous tumor growth or survival in the intracerebral tumor model. The efficacy of G207 therapy in vivo correlated well with the susceptibility of the human cancer cells to G207 in vitro. Histological studies indicate that G207 replication is restricted to tumor cells in vivo and does not occur in the surrounding brain tissue. These results suggest that G207 shows particular promise for use as a novel antineoplastic agent for metastatic brain tumors and that in vitro testing may predict which tumors will be most responsive in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2177-2185
Number of pages9
JournalHuman Gene Therapy
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Oct 10


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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