Trends in Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction for Patients with a New Diagnosis of Heart Failure

Rebecca L. Tisdale, François Haddad, Shun Kohsaka, Paul A. Heidenreich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: The left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) guides treatment of heart failure, yet this data has not been systematically collected in large data sets. We sought to characterize the epidemiology of incident heart failure using the initial LVEF. Methods: We identified 219 537 patients in the Veterans Affairs system between 2011 and 2017 who had an LVEF documented within 365 days before and 30 days after the heart failure diagnosis date. LVEF was obtained from natural language processing from imaging and provider notes. In multivariate analysis, we assessed characteristics associated with having an initial LVEF <40%. Results: Most patients were male and White; a plurality were within the 60 to 69 year age decile. A majority of patients had ischemic heart disease and a high burden of co-morbidities. Over time, presentation with an LVEF <40% became slightly less common, with a nadir in 2015. Presentation with an initial LVEF <40% was more common in younger patients, men, Black and Hispanic patients, an inpatient presentation, lower systolic blood pressure, lower pulse pressure, and higher heart rate. Ischemic heart disease, alcohol use disorder, peripheral arterial disease, and ventricular arrhythmias were associated with an initial LVEF <40%, while most other comorbid conditions (eg, atrial fibrillation, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, malignancy) were more strongly associated with an initial LVEF >50%. Conclusions: For patients with heart failure, particularly at the extremes of age, an initial preserved LVEF is common. In addition to clinical characteristics, certain races (Black and Hispanic) were more likely to present with a reduced LVEF. Further studies are needed to determine if racial differences are due to patient or health systems issues such as access to care.Â

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere006743
Pages (from-to)368-375
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation: Heart Failure
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Sep 1

Keywords

  • atrial fibrillation
  • blood pressure
  • heart failure
  • heart rate
  • natural language processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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