The pathogenesis of tubulointerstitial nephritis and uveitis (TINU) syndrome remains unknown, but T cell-mediated immune response has been postulated to play a role. On the other hand, TINU syndrome is characterized by hypergammaglobulinemia and high serum immunoglobulin G (IgG) levels, suggesting an involvement of humoral immunity. We describe a case of TINU syndrome in a 13-year-old girl with multiple tubular dysfunctions including renal glucosuria, tubular proteinuria, phosphaturia, uricosuria, and concentrating and acidifying defect. IgG antibody from her serum was reactive against 125-kDa human kidney protein. Immunofluorescence study using mouse kidney revealed that the antibody was against cortical renal tubular cells. The antibody disappeared as the renal symptoms resolved. We suggest that IgG antibody may contribute to tubular dysfunction in some patients with TINU syndrome.
- Renal tubule
- Tubulointerstitial nephritis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health