Recording the electrical activity of multiple neurons simultaneously would greatly facilitate studies on the structure and function of neuronal circuits. Using fluorescent genetically encoded voltage indicators (GEVI) would be especially desirable, as it would allow cell type-selectivity, longitudinal recordings, and further optical manipulations. By expressing the GEVI ASAP3 via in utero electroporation and rapidly imaging neurons in densely labelled tissues via random-access multi-photon microscopy, we achieve voltage recording of multiple neurons in brain slice with single-trial single-voxel resolution. This approach enables monitoring of subthreshold membrane potential changes and action potentials from multiple locations in soma and dendrites for tens of minutes. By optically recording spontaneous electrical activities in somatosensory cortex neurons, we provide evidence for the development of intralaminar horizontal connections in layer 2/3 with greater sensitivity than calcium imaging. Single-trial optical voltage recordings using ASAP3 thus enables the investigation of network connectivity at cellular resolution.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)