Two sporadic cases of childhood-onset Hailey-Hailey disease with superimposed mosaicism

Yasuhiko Asahina, Umi Tahara, Satomi Aoki, Kazuhiko Nakabayashi, Chiharu Tateishi, Daisuke Hayashi, Masayuki Amagai, Daisuke Tsuruta, Akiharu Kubo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A prenatal second-hit genetic change that occurs on the wild-type allele in an embryo with a congenital pathogenic variant allele results in mosaicism of monoallelic and biallelic defect of the gene, which is called superimposed mosaicism. Superimposed mosaicism of Hailey-Hailey disease (HHD) has been demonstrated in one familial case. Here, we report two unrelated HHD cases with superimposed mosaicism: a congenital monoallelic pathogenic variant of ATP2C1, followed by a postzygotic copy-neutral loss of heterozygosity. Uniquely, neither patient had a family history of HHD at the time of presentation. In the first case, the congenital pathogenic variant had occurred de novo. In the second case, the father had the pathogenic variant but had not yet developed skin symptoms. Our cases showed that superimposed mosaicism in HHD can lack a family history and that genetic analysis is crucial to classify the type of mosaicism and evaluate the risk of familial occurrence.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Human Genetics
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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