Tyrosine kinase inhibitor SU6668 inhibits peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer via suppression of tumor angiogenesis

Jo Tokuyama, Tetsuro Kubota, Yoshiro Saikawa, Masashi Yoshida, Toshiharu Furukawa, Yoshihide Otani, Koichiro Kumai, Masaki Kitajima

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21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Peritoneal dissemination of cancer involves several steps, including tumor cell attachment, invasion and growth in the peritoneum. Tumor angiogenesis is a prerequisite for the growth of disseminated tumor. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and its receptor are major regulators of angiogenesis. Purpose: We examined the cytotoxic effects of SU6668, an inhibitor of VEGF tyrosine kinase receptors, on in vitro gastric cancer cell lines and human umbilical vascular endothelial cells (HUVEC); we also examined the antitumor effects of SU6668 on human gastric cancer cells administered intraperitoneally into nude mice. Materials and Methods: Direct cytotoxicity to gastric cancer cells (TMK-1, MKN-45 and MKN-74) and normal cells (HUVEC) was determined by the MTT assay and the bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) incorporation assay, with and without VEGF-evoked growth stimulation in vitro. TMK-1 cells were transplanted intraperitoneally into nude mice, followed by twice daily oral administration of SU6668 (200 mg/kg/day) for two weeks starting on the first day after transplantation. Both the number and the wet weight of disseminated peritoneal tumor nodules were assessed. Results: In the MTT assay, SU6668 demonstrated low-grade cytotoxicity to the cell growth of three gastric cancer cells, with a 50% inhibitory concentration (IC50) of 22.6 μg/ml for TMK-1, 31.8 μg/ml for MKN-45 and 26.7 μg/ml for MKN-74; HUVEC was sensitive to SU6668 with an IC50 of 8.9 μg/ml. In the BrdU assay, VEGF stimulated DNA synthesis in HUVEC, while the incorporation of BrdU was not affected by VEGF in gastric cancer cell lines. SU6668 inhibited VEGF-induced DNA synthesis in HUVEC, while BrdU incorporation of gastric cancer cell lines was inhibited by SU6668 without correlation to VEGF stimulation. Peritoneal dissemination of cancer in nude mice was significantly suppressed by SU6668 compared with a control group at the p<0.05 level. Conclusion: The mechanism of the antitumor activity of SU6668 may not involve direct toxicity to cancer cells, but may rather be an inhibitory effect on tumor angiogenesis, resulting in the inhibition of tumor dissemination in the peritoneum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-22
Number of pages6
JournalAnticancer research
Volume25
Issue number1 A
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Jan 1

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Keywords

  • Gastric cancer
  • Peritoneal dissemination
  • SU6668
  • Vascular endothelial growth factor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

Cite this

Tokuyama, J., Kubota, T., Saikawa, Y., Yoshida, M., Furukawa, T., Otani, Y., Kumai, K., & Kitajima, M. (2005). Tyrosine kinase inhibitor SU6668 inhibits peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer via suppression of tumor angiogenesis. Anticancer research, 25(1 A), 17-22.