Tyrosine411 and Arginine410 of Human Serum Albumin Play an Important Role in the Binding of Sodium 4-Phenylbutyrate to Site II

Taisuke Enokida, Keishi Yamasaki, Yuko Okamoto, Kazuaki Taguchi, Takako Ishiguro, Toru Maruyama, Hakaru Seo, Masaki Otagiri

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Sodium 4-phenylbutyrate (PB) has many pharmacological activities; therefore extending its clinical use to the treatment of a wider variety of diseases would be desirable. However, our knowledge of the binding of PB to plasma proteins is not extensive. To address this issue in more detail, we characterized the protein binding of PB. Binding experiments showed that PB mainly binds to human serum albumin (HSA) in plasma. PB was also found to bind to a single site on HSA, which was identified as site II by fluorescent probe displacement experiment. Furthermore, an appropriate alkyl chain length and a carboxylic group in the PB structure were required for PB binding to HSA, suggesting that hydrophobic (and van der Waals) and electrostatic interactions are involved as binding modes. The contributions of hydrogen bonding and/or van der Waals interactions were also indicated by thermodynamic analyses. Tyrosine411 and arginine410 were identified as being involved in the binding of PB to site II, based on binding experiments using chemically modified- and mutant-HSA preparations. In conclusion, the available evidence indicates that PB binds to site II of HSA with assistance by multiple forces and that tyrosine411 and arginine410 both play important roles in this phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1987-1994
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Jun 1
Externally publishedYes



  • binding site
  • human serum albumin
  • site II
  • sodium 4-phenylbutyrate

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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