Ultrafast response induced by interference effects between weakly confined exciton states

Osamu Kojima, Toshiro Isu, Junko Hayase, Atsushi Kanno, Redouane Katouf, Masahide Sasaki, Masahiro Tsuchiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report an ultrafast response of weakly confined excitons in GaAs thin films observed by a degenerate four-wave-mixing (DFWM) technique. The time-domain signals excited by broadband pulses show an oscillatory structure with a period that varies according to the pulse spectral width and an ultrafast response comparable to the pulse width; on the other hand, the exciton dephasing time is hardly changed by the excitation spectral width. This ultrafast response is much faster than the radiative lifetime expected on the basis of the nonlocal response theory. The DFWM spectra measured at various time delays clearly indicate the contribution of weakly confined excitons to the ultrafast response. Moreover, in the measurement of excitation-energy dependence, the time-domain signals excited by a controlled spectral width exhibit the variation of the oscillation period and response time. These characteristics are similar to those of the excitation spectral width dependence. From the analysis of oscillatory structures, it is found that the oscillation originates from the interference between weakly confined exciton states. Therefore, we conclude that the overlap of the oscillation due to the interference with the DFWM signal leads to the ultrafast response without any change in the exciton dephasing time. These results imply that the control of the excitation spectral width induces the ultrafast nonlinear optical response of the weakly confined excitons.

Original languageEnglish
Article number044701
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Volume77
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

excitons
interference
four-wave mixing
oscillations
excitation
radiative lifetime
pulses
pulse duration
time lag
broadband
thin films

Keywords

  • Nonlocal response
  • Ultrafast response
  • Weakly confined exciton

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Ultrafast response induced by interference effects between weakly confined exciton states. / Kojima, Osamu; Isu, Toshiro; Hayase, Junko; Kanno, Atsushi; Katouf, Redouane; Sasaki, Masahide; Tsuchiya, Masahiro.

In: Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol. 77, No. 4, 044701, 04.2008.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kojima, Osamu ; Isu, Toshiro ; Hayase, Junko ; Kanno, Atsushi ; Katouf, Redouane ; Sasaki, Masahide ; Tsuchiya, Masahiro. / Ultrafast response induced by interference effects between weakly confined exciton states. In: Journal of the Physical Society of Japan. 2008 ; Vol. 77, No. 4.
@article{e9ded8025b3940b18e0e27fd9f86b059,
title = "Ultrafast response induced by interference effects between weakly confined exciton states",
abstract = "We report an ultrafast response of weakly confined excitons in GaAs thin films observed by a degenerate four-wave-mixing (DFWM) technique. The time-domain signals excited by broadband pulses show an oscillatory structure with a period that varies according to the pulse spectral width and an ultrafast response comparable to the pulse width; on the other hand, the exciton dephasing time is hardly changed by the excitation spectral width. This ultrafast response is much faster than the radiative lifetime expected on the basis of the nonlocal response theory. The DFWM spectra measured at various time delays clearly indicate the contribution of weakly confined excitons to the ultrafast response. Moreover, in the measurement of excitation-energy dependence, the time-domain signals excited by a controlled spectral width exhibit the variation of the oscillation period and response time. These characteristics are similar to those of the excitation spectral width dependence. From the analysis of oscillatory structures, it is found that the oscillation originates from the interference between weakly confined exciton states. Therefore, we conclude that the overlap of the oscillation due to the interference with the DFWM signal leads to the ultrafast response without any change in the exciton dephasing time. These results imply that the control of the excitation spectral width induces the ultrafast nonlinear optical response of the weakly confined excitons.",
keywords = "Nonlocal response, Ultrafast response, Weakly confined exciton",
author = "Osamu Kojima and Toshiro Isu and Junko Hayase and Atsushi Kanno and Redouane Katouf and Masahide Sasaki and Masahiro Tsuchiya",
year = "2008",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1143/JPSJ.77.044701",
language = "English",
volume = "77",
journal = "Journal of the Physical Society of Japan",
issn = "0031-9015",
publisher = "Physical Society of Japan",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Ultrafast response induced by interference effects between weakly confined exciton states

AU - Kojima, Osamu

AU - Isu, Toshiro

AU - Hayase, Junko

AU - Kanno, Atsushi

AU - Katouf, Redouane

AU - Sasaki, Masahide

AU - Tsuchiya, Masahiro

PY - 2008/4

Y1 - 2008/4

N2 - We report an ultrafast response of weakly confined excitons in GaAs thin films observed by a degenerate four-wave-mixing (DFWM) technique. The time-domain signals excited by broadband pulses show an oscillatory structure with a period that varies according to the pulse spectral width and an ultrafast response comparable to the pulse width; on the other hand, the exciton dephasing time is hardly changed by the excitation spectral width. This ultrafast response is much faster than the radiative lifetime expected on the basis of the nonlocal response theory. The DFWM spectra measured at various time delays clearly indicate the contribution of weakly confined excitons to the ultrafast response. Moreover, in the measurement of excitation-energy dependence, the time-domain signals excited by a controlled spectral width exhibit the variation of the oscillation period and response time. These characteristics are similar to those of the excitation spectral width dependence. From the analysis of oscillatory structures, it is found that the oscillation originates from the interference between weakly confined exciton states. Therefore, we conclude that the overlap of the oscillation due to the interference with the DFWM signal leads to the ultrafast response without any change in the exciton dephasing time. These results imply that the control of the excitation spectral width induces the ultrafast nonlinear optical response of the weakly confined excitons.

AB - We report an ultrafast response of weakly confined excitons in GaAs thin films observed by a degenerate four-wave-mixing (DFWM) technique. The time-domain signals excited by broadband pulses show an oscillatory structure with a period that varies according to the pulse spectral width and an ultrafast response comparable to the pulse width; on the other hand, the exciton dephasing time is hardly changed by the excitation spectral width. This ultrafast response is much faster than the radiative lifetime expected on the basis of the nonlocal response theory. The DFWM spectra measured at various time delays clearly indicate the contribution of weakly confined excitons to the ultrafast response. Moreover, in the measurement of excitation-energy dependence, the time-domain signals excited by a controlled spectral width exhibit the variation of the oscillation period and response time. These characteristics are similar to those of the excitation spectral width dependence. From the analysis of oscillatory structures, it is found that the oscillation originates from the interference between weakly confined exciton states. Therefore, we conclude that the overlap of the oscillation due to the interference with the DFWM signal leads to the ultrafast response without any change in the exciton dephasing time. These results imply that the control of the excitation spectral width induces the ultrafast nonlinear optical response of the weakly confined excitons.

KW - Nonlocal response

KW - Ultrafast response

KW - Weakly confined exciton

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=54349099476&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=54349099476&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1143/JPSJ.77.044701

DO - 10.1143/JPSJ.77.044701

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:54349099476

VL - 77

JO - Journal of the Physical Society of Japan

JF - Journal of the Physical Society of Japan

SN - 0031-9015

IS - 4

M1 - 044701

ER -