Ultrasonic vibration-assisted microgrinding of glassy carbon

Patrick Beiring, Jiwang Yan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Glassy carbon is an amorphous material which, due to its unique material properties, has recently been introduced to micro/nanoimprinting as mold substrates. However, since glassy carbon is a hard, brittle, and highly elastic material, the precision machining of micro/nanostructures on it remains a challenging task. In this research, ultrasonic vibration-assisted microgrinding was proposed for ductile machining of glassy carbon. To find suitable conditions, the effects of ultrasonic vibration assistance and tool inclination were investigated. The results showed that by utilizing ultrasonic vibration assistance and tool inclination, a ductile response was achieved with improved surface roughness. In addition, the periodical waviness of the groove edge due to material elastic recovery was successfully prevented. This study provided an insight into the kinematics in ultrasonic vibration-assisted grinding of a highly elastic, hard, and brittle material.

Fingerprint

Glassy carbon
Vibrations (mechanical)
Ultrasonics
Machining
Brittleness
Nanostructures
Materials properties
Kinematics
Surface roughness
Recovery
Substrates

Keywords

  • Glassy carbon
  • hard brittle material
  • microgrinding
  • microstructure
  • surface integrity
  • ultrasonic vibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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abstract = "Glassy carbon is an amorphous material which, due to its unique material properties, has recently been introduced to micro/nanoimprinting as mold substrates. However, since glassy carbon is a hard, brittle, and highly elastic material, the precision machining of micro/nanostructures on it remains a challenging task. In this research, ultrasonic vibration-assisted microgrinding was proposed for ductile machining of glassy carbon. To find suitable conditions, the effects of ultrasonic vibration assistance and tool inclination were investigated. The results showed that by utilizing ultrasonic vibration assistance and tool inclination, a ductile response was achieved with improved surface roughness. In addition, the periodical waviness of the groove edge due to material elastic recovery was successfully prevented. This study provided an insight into the kinematics in ultrasonic vibration-assisted grinding of a highly elastic, hard, and brittle material.",
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N2 - Glassy carbon is an amorphous material which, due to its unique material properties, has recently been introduced to micro/nanoimprinting as mold substrates. However, since glassy carbon is a hard, brittle, and highly elastic material, the precision machining of micro/nanostructures on it remains a challenging task. In this research, ultrasonic vibration-assisted microgrinding was proposed for ductile machining of glassy carbon. To find suitable conditions, the effects of ultrasonic vibration assistance and tool inclination were investigated. The results showed that by utilizing ultrasonic vibration assistance and tool inclination, a ductile response was achieved with improved surface roughness. In addition, the periodical waviness of the groove edge due to material elastic recovery was successfully prevented. This study provided an insight into the kinematics in ultrasonic vibration-assisted grinding of a highly elastic, hard, and brittle material.

AB - Glassy carbon is an amorphous material which, due to its unique material properties, has recently been introduced to micro/nanoimprinting as mold substrates. However, since glassy carbon is a hard, brittle, and highly elastic material, the precision machining of micro/nanostructures on it remains a challenging task. In this research, ultrasonic vibration-assisted microgrinding was proposed for ductile machining of glassy carbon. To find suitable conditions, the effects of ultrasonic vibration assistance and tool inclination were investigated. The results showed that by utilizing ultrasonic vibration assistance and tool inclination, a ductile response was achieved with improved surface roughness. In addition, the periodical waviness of the groove edge due to material elastic recovery was successfully prevented. This study provided an insight into the kinematics in ultrasonic vibration-assisted grinding of a highly elastic, hard, and brittle material.

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