Unique Superparamagnetic-like Behavior Observed in Non-π-delocalized Nitroxide Diradical Compounds Showing Discotic Liquid Crystalline Phase

Yusa Takemoto, Elena Zaytseva, Katsuaki Suzuki, Naoki Yoshioka, Yoichi Takanishi, Masahiro Funahashi, Yoshiaki Uchida, Takuya Akita, Jayeong Park, Shuichi Sato, Simon Clevers, Gérard Coquerel, Dmitrii G. Mazhukin, Satoshi Shimono, Masahito Sugiyama, Hiroki Takahashi, Jun Yamauchi, Rui Tamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A unique superparamagnetic-like behavior and a large “positive magneto-LC effect” were observed in the solid phases and the hexagonal columnar (Colh) liquid crystalline (LC) phase, respectively, of novel achiral non-π-delocalized nitroxide diradical compounds (R,S)-1, which showed polymorphism in the solid phases (solids I and II). The SQUID magnetization measurement revealed that (1) (R,S)-1 containing a small amount of racemic diastereomers (R*,R*)-1 possessed an unusual and large temperature-independent magnetic susceptibility (χTIM>0) component in the original nanocrystalline solid I that was responsible for the observed superparamagnetic-like behavior under low magnetic fields and did not arise from the contamination by extrinsic magnetic metal or metal ion impurities, besides ordinary temperature-dependent paramagnetic susceptibility (χpara>0) and temperature-independent diamagnetic susceptibility (χdia<0) components, (2) a large increase in molar magnetic susceptibility (χM) (positive magneto-LC effect) that occurred at the solid I-to-liquid crystal transition upon heating was preserved as an additional χTIM increase in the resulting polymorphic nanocrystalline solid II by cooling, and (3) such unique magnetic phenomena were induced by thermal processing for (R,S)-1 or by adding a small amount of (R*,R*)-1 to (R,S)-1 as the impurity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17293-17302
Number of pages10
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume24
Issue number65
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Nov 22

Fingerprint

Crystalline materials
Liquids
Magnetic susceptibility
Impurities
Liquid Crystals
SQUIDs
Polymorphism
Liquid crystals
Temperature
Metal ions
Magnetization
Contamination
Metals
Magnetic fields
Cooling
Heating

Keywords

  • liquid crystals
  • magnetic properties
  • magneto-LC effect
  • nitroxide diradicals
  • phase transitions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

Cite this

Unique Superparamagnetic-like Behavior Observed in Non-π-delocalized Nitroxide Diradical Compounds Showing Discotic Liquid Crystalline Phase. / Takemoto, Yusa; Zaytseva, Elena; Suzuki, Katsuaki; Yoshioka, Naoki; Takanishi, Yoichi; Funahashi, Masahiro; Uchida, Yoshiaki; Akita, Takuya; Park, Jayeong; Sato, Shuichi; Clevers, Simon; Coquerel, Gérard; Mazhukin, Dmitrii G.; Shimono, Satoshi; Sugiyama, Masahito; Takahashi, Hiroki; Yamauchi, Jun; Tamura, Rui.

In: Chemistry - A European Journal, Vol. 24, No. 65, 22.11.2018, p. 17293-17302.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Takemoto, Y, Zaytseva, E, Suzuki, K, Yoshioka, N, Takanishi, Y, Funahashi, M, Uchida, Y, Akita, T, Park, J, Sato, S, Clevers, S, Coquerel, G, Mazhukin, DG, Shimono, S, Sugiyama, M, Takahashi, H, Yamauchi, J & Tamura, R 2018, 'Unique Superparamagnetic-like Behavior Observed in Non-π-delocalized Nitroxide Diradical Compounds Showing Discotic Liquid Crystalline Phase', Chemistry - A European Journal, vol. 24, no. 65, pp. 17293-17302. https://doi.org/10.1002/chem.201803534
Takemoto, Yusa ; Zaytseva, Elena ; Suzuki, Katsuaki ; Yoshioka, Naoki ; Takanishi, Yoichi ; Funahashi, Masahiro ; Uchida, Yoshiaki ; Akita, Takuya ; Park, Jayeong ; Sato, Shuichi ; Clevers, Simon ; Coquerel, Gérard ; Mazhukin, Dmitrii G. ; Shimono, Satoshi ; Sugiyama, Masahito ; Takahashi, Hiroki ; Yamauchi, Jun ; Tamura, Rui. / Unique Superparamagnetic-like Behavior Observed in Non-π-delocalized Nitroxide Diradical Compounds Showing Discotic Liquid Crystalline Phase. In: Chemistry - A European Journal. 2018 ; Vol. 24, No. 65. pp. 17293-17302.
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abstract = "A unique superparamagnetic-like behavior and a large “positive magneto-LC effect” were observed in the solid phases and the hexagonal columnar (Colh) liquid crystalline (LC) phase, respectively, of novel achiral non-π-delocalized nitroxide diradical compounds (R,S)-1, which showed polymorphism in the solid phases (solids I and II). The SQUID magnetization measurement revealed that (1) (R,S)-1 containing a small amount of racemic diastereomers (R*,R*)-1 possessed an unusual and large temperature-independent magnetic susceptibility (χTIM>0) component in the original nanocrystalline solid I that was responsible for the observed superparamagnetic-like behavior under low magnetic fields and did not arise from the contamination by extrinsic magnetic metal or metal ion impurities, besides ordinary temperature-dependent paramagnetic susceptibility (χpara>0) and temperature-independent diamagnetic susceptibility (χdia<0) components, (2) a large increase in molar magnetic susceptibility (χM) (positive magneto-LC effect) that occurred at the solid I-to-liquid crystal transition upon heating was preserved as an additional χTIM increase in the resulting polymorphic nanocrystalline solid II by cooling, and (3) such unique magnetic phenomena were induced by thermal processing for (R,S)-1 or by adding a small amount of (R*,R*)-1 to (R,S)-1 as the impurity.",
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AU - Takemoto, Yusa

AU - Zaytseva, Elena

AU - Suzuki, Katsuaki

AU - Yoshioka, Naoki

AU - Takanishi, Yoichi

AU - Funahashi, Masahiro

AU - Uchida, Yoshiaki

AU - Akita, Takuya

AU - Park, Jayeong

AU - Sato, Shuichi

AU - Clevers, Simon

AU - Coquerel, Gérard

AU - Mazhukin, Dmitrii G.

AU - Shimono, Satoshi

AU - Sugiyama, Masahito

AU - Takahashi, Hiroki

AU - Yamauchi, Jun

AU - Tamura, Rui

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N2 - A unique superparamagnetic-like behavior and a large “positive magneto-LC effect” were observed in the solid phases and the hexagonal columnar (Colh) liquid crystalline (LC) phase, respectively, of novel achiral non-π-delocalized nitroxide diradical compounds (R,S)-1, which showed polymorphism in the solid phases (solids I and II). The SQUID magnetization measurement revealed that (1) (R,S)-1 containing a small amount of racemic diastereomers (R*,R*)-1 possessed an unusual and large temperature-independent magnetic susceptibility (χTIM>0) component in the original nanocrystalline solid I that was responsible for the observed superparamagnetic-like behavior under low magnetic fields and did not arise from the contamination by extrinsic magnetic metal or metal ion impurities, besides ordinary temperature-dependent paramagnetic susceptibility (χpara>0) and temperature-independent diamagnetic susceptibility (χdia<0) components, (2) a large increase in molar magnetic susceptibility (χM) (positive magneto-LC effect) that occurred at the solid I-to-liquid crystal transition upon heating was preserved as an additional χTIM increase in the resulting polymorphic nanocrystalline solid II by cooling, and (3) such unique magnetic phenomena were induced by thermal processing for (R,S)-1 or by adding a small amount of (R*,R*)-1 to (R,S)-1 as the impurity.

AB - A unique superparamagnetic-like behavior and a large “positive magneto-LC effect” were observed in the solid phases and the hexagonal columnar (Colh) liquid crystalline (LC) phase, respectively, of novel achiral non-π-delocalized nitroxide diradical compounds (R,S)-1, which showed polymorphism in the solid phases (solids I and II). The SQUID magnetization measurement revealed that (1) (R,S)-1 containing a small amount of racemic diastereomers (R*,R*)-1 possessed an unusual and large temperature-independent magnetic susceptibility (χTIM>0) component in the original nanocrystalline solid I that was responsible for the observed superparamagnetic-like behavior under low magnetic fields and did not arise from the contamination by extrinsic magnetic metal or metal ion impurities, besides ordinary temperature-dependent paramagnetic susceptibility (χpara>0) and temperature-independent diamagnetic susceptibility (χdia<0) components, (2) a large increase in molar magnetic susceptibility (χM) (positive magneto-LC effect) that occurred at the solid I-to-liquid crystal transition upon heating was preserved as an additional χTIM increase in the resulting polymorphic nanocrystalline solid II by cooling, and (3) such unique magnetic phenomena were induced by thermal processing for (R,S)-1 or by adding a small amount of (R*,R*)-1 to (R,S)-1 as the impurity.

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KW - magnetic properties

KW - magneto-LC effect

KW - nitroxide diradicals

KW - phase transitions

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