Use of motion estimation to improve video watermarking for MPEG encoders

Isao Echizen, Hiroshi Yoshiura, Yasuhiro Fujii, Satoru Tezuka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)


Maintaining picture quality is an essential requirement for video watermarking, and this paper proposes a new method that uses motion estimation (block-matching techniques) to preferentially allocate watermarks to picture contents with motion based on our criterion for estimating watermark imperceptibility that takes motion into account. Experimental evaluations have shown that the new method significantly reduces degradation in picture quality and that, for the same picture quality after MPEG encoding and decoding, 30% more watermarks can be embedded than with the previous method. This new method would be most effective when implemented in MPEG encoders, which already have the necessary motion estimation functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-199
Number of pages16
JournalLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Computer Science(all)

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