Introduction: The greater superficial petrosal nerve (GSPN) is especially important in anterior transpetrosal approach (ATPA) as the most reliable superficial landmark of Kawase’s triangle. The GSPN can be considered as the superficial lateral border of anterior petrosectomy on the middle fossa to avoid internal carotid artery (ICA) injury. Although experienced operators can find the GSPN, its confirmation is not always easy to achieve.
Methods: We introduce our recent GSPN confirmation methods using facial nerve monitoring. In 10 recent cases, antidromic GSPN stimulation and free-running facial muscle electromyography (EMG) monitoring were performed.
Results: Facial nerve evoked-EMG by antidromic GSPN stimulation confirmed the location of the GSPN course with precision in all cases. Free-running facial muscle EMG informed the mechanical stress of facial nerves through the GSPN. There was no postoperative facial palsy or dry eye in these cases.
Conclusions: GSPN confirmation and preservation are not always easy to achieve. These monitoring methods are useful for the confirmation of the GSPN, which is a landmark for safe extradural anterior petrosectomy, and for the preservation of the GSPN itself.
- Anterior transpetrosal approach
- Dry eye
- Greater petrosal nerve
- Greater superficial petrosal nerve
- Intraoperative monitoring
- Kawase’s triangle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology