Usefulness of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) maintenance therapy for patients with H. pylori-negative recurrent peptic ulcer after eradication therapy for H. pylori: Pathophysiological characteristics of H. pylori-negative recurrent ulcer scars and beyond acid suppression by PPI

Tadashi Ohara, Tetsuo Morishita, Hidekazu Suzuki, Tatsuhiro Masaoka, Hiromasa Ishii

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background/Aims: Problems after Helicobacter pylori (Hp) eradication therapy include recurrence of Hp-negative peptic ulcers. We investigated the pathophysiological characteristics of Hp-negative recurrent ulcer scars, and performed proton pump inhibitor (PPI) maintenance therapy as a new therapy for prevention of recurrence in patients with Hp-negative recurrence after Hp eradication and investigated its usefulness. Methodology: The subjects were 21 patients with Hp-negative recurrent peptic ulcers after Hp eradication (gastric ulcer: 19, duodenal ulcer: 2) and 25 patients with non-recurrent ulcers (gastric ulcer: 20, duodenal ulcer: 5). The mucosa from the ulcer scar lesion was endoscopically obtained from patients, and HE staining, CD68 immunohistochemical staining, and investigation of the mucosal expression levels of TNF-α and IFN-γ were performed by ELISA. Patients with recurrence after eradication were divided into two groups at the time of ulcer scar after the first treatment, and received maintenance therapy: the intermittent treatment group that received lansoprazole (LPZ), 30mg/day, on two days on weekends (gastric ulcer: 9, duodenal ulcer: 1) and the ranitidine (RAN) 150mg/day daily treatment group (gastric ulcer: 8, duodenal ulcer: 1). Results: Infiltration of CD68-positive inflammatory cells was observed in the lamina propria mucosae over the epithelial layer in ulcer scars of the Hp-negative recurrent ulcer group compared with the non-recurrent ulcer group, and TNF-α and IFN-γ significantly increased (27.22±6.23pg/mg, 52.12±5.41pg/ mg vs. 4.23±2.14pg/mg, 7.11±3.06pg/mg, P<0.001). In the RAN maintenance therapy group, the ulcer recurred within 10 months in all patients, while the ulcer recurred in only one patient in the intermittent LPZ treatment group. Conclusions: These results suggested that the pathophysiological characteristic of Hp-negative recurrent ulcer scar lesions after eradication was infiltration of inflammatory cells, mainly monocytes/ macrophages, in the lamina propria mucosae over the epithelial layer, and this may be a key factor in ulcer recurrence. Furthermore, intermittent PPI therapy using LPZ may be a useful maintenance therapy for prevention of recurrence in these cases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)338-342
Number of pages5
JournalHepato-gastroenterology
Volume51
Issue number56
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Mar 1

Keywords

  • H. pylori eradication
  • H. pylori-negative recurrent ulcer
  • Intermittent PPI therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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