We have previously shown that expression of costimulatory ligand B7-1 on MHC class I+ tumor cells (B16-BL6 melanoma) resulted in marked reduction of lung metastasis caused by i.v. injection into immunocompetent syngeneic mice and led to induction of immunity to the challenge by the parental B7-1 negative tumor. Here we investigated the effectiveness of irradiated B7-1 transfected tumor cells as a vaccine on established tumor metastasis and whether or not expression of B7-1 molecule on tumor cells in combination with administration of anti-adhesion peptide FC-336 can augment the antimetastatic efficacy. Immunization with X-irradiated B7-1 transfectants after i.v. injection of B7-1- parental B16-BL6 cells was effective in inhibiting lung metastasis. We also found that vaccination with irradiated B7-1 transfectants after excision of primary tumor on day 21 resulted in significant inhibition of spontaneous lung metastasis by intrafootpad injection of viable parental B16-BL6 melanoma, as compared with the untreated control. However, immunizing twice with mock transfectants did not affect inhibition of spontaneous lung metastasis of wild-type tumors. On the other hand, multiple administration of a pseudo-peptide of RGD sequence (FC-336) after tumor inoculation inhibited spontaneous lung metastasis through the interference of tumor invasion, migration and adhesion. Combined treatment of B7-1 transfected tumor vaccine and anti-adhesive therapy with FC-336 led to the augmentation of the antimetastatic effect in both experimental and spontaneous metastasis models, as compared with either treatment alone. B7-1- and FC-336-mediated inhibition of tumor metastasis may be mediated by different mechanisms at various steps of metastasis, based on the regulation (promotion or inhibition) of tumor interaction with host cells and components.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Metastasis|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research