Validation of Urinary Charged Metabolite Profiles in Colorectal Cancer Using Capillary Electrophoresis-Mass Spectrometry

Toru Sakurai, Kenji Katsumata, Ryutaro Udo, Tomoya Tago, Kenta Kasahara, Junichi Mazaki, Hiroshi Kuwabara, Hideaki Kawakita, Masanobu Enomoto, Tetsuo Ishizaki, Yukako Nemoto, Yoshiaki Osaka, Yuichi Nagakawa, Masahiro Sugimoto, Akihiko Tsuchida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This study aimed to validate and reanalyze urinary biomarkers for detecting colorectal cancers (CRCs). We previously conducted urinary metabolomic analyses using capillary electro-phoresis-mass spectrometry and found a significant difference in various metabolites, especially polyamines, between patients with CRC and healthy controls (HC). We analyzed additional samples and confirmed consistency between the newly and previously analyzed data. In total, we included 36 HC, 34 adenoma (AD), and 214 CRC samples, which were used for subsequent analyses. Among the 132 quantified metabolites, 16 exhibited consistent differences in both datasets, which included polyamines, etc. Pathway analyses of the integrated data revealed significant differences in many metabolites, such as glutamine, and metabolites of the TCA and urea cycles. The discrimination ability of the combination of multiple metabolites among the three groups was evaluated, which yielded higher sensitivity than tumor markers. The Mann–Whitney test was employed to evaluate the prognosis predictivity of the assessed metabolites and the difference between the patients with or without recurrence, which yielded 16 significantly different metabolites. Among these 16 metabolites, 11 presented significant prognosis predictivity. These data indicated the potential of metabolite-based discrimination of patients with CRC and AD from HC and prognosis predic-tivity of the monitored metabolites.

Original languageEnglish
Article number59
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Jan


  • Adenoma
  • Capillary electrophoresis-mass spectrometry
  • Colorectal cancer
  • Metabolome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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